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APHG Ch 1

QuestionAnswer
Cartography The science of making maps
Contagious diffusion The rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population
Cultural ecology Geographic approach that emphasizes human-environment relationships
Culture The body of customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits that together constitute the distinct tradition of a group of people
Density The frequency with which something exists within a given unit of area
Diffusion The spreading of a feature or trend from one place to another over time
Distance-decay The diminishing in importance and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin
Distribution The arrangement of something across Earth's surface
Environmental determism A 19th and early 20th-century approach to the study of geography that said that the general laws sought by human geographers could be found in the physical sciences. Geography was therefore the study of how the physical environment caused human activities
Expansion diffusion The spread of a feature or trend among people from one area to another in a snow balling process
Formal region (uniform or homogeneous region) An area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics
Fuctional region (nodal region) An area organized around a node or focal point
GIS Geographic information system-A computer system that stores, organizes, analyzes, and displays geographic data
GPS Global Positioning System- A system that determines the precise position of something on Earth through a series of satellites, tracking stations, and receivers
Hierarchial diffusion The spread of a feature or trend from one key person or node of authority or power to other persons or places
Hearth The region from which innovative ideas originate
International Date Line An arc that mostly follows 180 degree longitude, it deviates in some places to avoid dividing land areas. Go east from line (America)- clock goes back 24hrs, go west(Asia)-clock goes forward 24hrs
Latitude The numbering systemused to indicate the location of parallels drawn on a globe and measuring distance north and south of the equator(0 degrees)
Longitude The numbering system used to indicate the location of meridians drawn on a globe and measuring distance east and west of the prime meridian (0 degrees)
Possibilism The theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions but that people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives
Prime meridian The meridian, designated as (0 degrees) longitude, that passes through the Royal Observatory at Greenwich, England
Projection The system used to transfer locations from Earth's surface to a flat map
Relocation diffusion The spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another
Remote sensing The acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or other long-distance methods
Scale Generally,
Created by: Thao Co