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HHS Nervous System

Medical Word Elements & Abbreviations

-plegia paralysis
-phasia speech
thalam/o thalamus
neur/o nerve
myel/o bone marrow, spinal cord
mening/o, meningi/o meninges (membrane over brain and spinal cord)
kinesi/o movement
encephal/o brain
crani/o cranium (skull)
cerebr/o cerebrum
I Olfactory
II Optic
III Oculomotor
IV Trochlear
V Trigeminal
VI Abducens
VII Facial
VIII Vestibulocochlear
IX Glossopharyngeal
X Vagus
XI Accessory
XII Hypoglossal
parasympathetic "rest and digest"
Sympathetic "fight or flight"
ANS Autonomic Nervous System- nerves that control involuntary movement
SNS Somatic Nervous System- ascending sensory info, and descending motor info
Meninges Dura mater, arachnoid, pia mater: protect the brain and spinal cord
PNS Peripheral Nervous System: all nervous tissue outside of the spine and brain
CNS Central Nervous System- consists of the brain and spinal cord
-kinesia movement
-lepsy seizure
-paresis partial paralysis
-taxia order, coordination
CSF Cerebrospinal fluid
CVA Cerebrovascular accident
LOC loss of consciousness
TIA Transient ischemic attack
Psych/o Mind
R/O rule out