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Blood system cards

Blood system

Arteries Large blood vessels that carry oxygen rich blood awar from the heart to the body, arterial blood is bright red
Aorta Is the main part of arterial system, begins in the left ventricle of the heart.
Coronary Arteries Supplies the heart with blood
Arterioles Thinner branches, carry blood to capillaries.
Capillaries Blood vessels that connect arteries and veins to each other. Smallest vesses in the body
Blood flow slower in capillaries to allow time for exchange of oxygen, nutrients, and waste products between surrounding cells and fluids
Veins Responsible for carrying waste-filled blood back to heart
Valves in veins Allow for one-way blood flow toward heart
Venules small veins that join to form larger veins
Pulse Expansion and contraction of an artery caused by the pressure applied against the walls of the vessels
Systolic pressure The upper number of a blood pressure reading
Diastolic Pressure The lower nuber of a blood pressure reading
Blood Composed of 55% liquid plasma and 45% formed elements.
Formed elements Red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets
Plasma Liquid part of blood, contains nutrients wastes and hormones. 91% water, 9% proteins
Fibrinogen and Prothrombin Clotting proteins to help blood clot and control bleeding.
Erythrocytes or RBC's contains hemoglobin, or iron containing portion of erythrocyte, live 120 days
Hemoglobin transports oxygen from the lungs to the tissues of the body
Leukocytes or WBC's Protect body against infection, five types of leukocytes.
Neutrophils Majority of WBC's, fight infection by phagocytosis
Basophils Promote inflammatory response, elevated basophil count may indicate an allergic condition
Eosinophils Formed in red bone marrow, increase in response to allergic condition
Lymphocytes Formed in red bone marrow, lymph nodes, and spleen, protect body against disease
Monocytes Formed in red bone marrow, lymph nodes and spleen, help fight disease.
Thrombocytes (Platelets) smallest formed elements in the blood; when blood vessel is damaged platelets become sticky and clump together.
Rh positive You have the Rh antigen
Rh Negative You do not have Rh antigen
Aneurysm Weak spot in the wall of an artery, causes it to balloon out and sometimes rupture.
Arteriosclerosis Hardening of the arteries which reduces blood flow through the artery
Varicose Veins Abnormally swollen veins usually occuring in the legs
Thrombus Blood clot attached to inside wall of vein or artery
Embolus blood, air, fat or other substance in the bloodstream.
Embloism the blockage of the blood vessel by the embolus
Low density lipoprotein (LDL) Bad kind, contribute to plaque buildup in the arteries causing a blockage for blood flow
High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) Good kind, Carries uneeded cholesterol back to the liver for processing; does not contribute to plaque build-up in the arteries
Triglycerides Combination of fatty acids and glycerol found in the blood
Leukemia Progressive increase in the number of abnormal leukocytes; malignant disorder
Anemia Lower than normal number of red blood cells
Irond Deficiency anemia Develops if not enough iron is available to the bone marrow to make hemoglobin.
Sickle Cell anemia Genetic disorder that causes abnormal hemoglobin
Pulse Oximeter External monitor that is applied to the finger to measure oxygen saturated with oxygen. Normal is above 96% or 90%
Blood gases Measuremetn of other gases in blood (in addition to oxygen)
P Pulse
BP Blood Pressure
RBC Red Blood Cells
WBC White BLood Cells
LDL Low density Lipoprotein
HDL High density lipoprotein
ABG Arterial blood gas
tPA Tissue plaminogen activator
Created by: Burnpro56