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Bonewit Chapter 4

Vital Signs

abmornal breath sounds. adventitious sounds
without fever; the doby temperature is normal afebrile
a thin-walled air sac of the lungs in which the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place alveolus
the space located at teh front of the elbow antecubital spcae
the major trunk of hta arterial system of the body. the aorta arises from the upper surface of the lest ventricle aorta
the temporary cessation of breathing apena
the armpit axilla
a pulse with an increased volume that feels very strong and full bounding pulse
an abnormally slow heart rate. (less than 60 beats per minute) bradycardia
and abmornal decrease in teh respiratory rate of less then 10 respirations per minute bradypnea
a temperature scale on which the freezing porin of water is 0 degrees and the boiling point of water is 100; degrees also called the centigrade scale celsius scale
the transfer of energy, such as heart, from one object to another by direct contact. conduction
the transfer of energy, such as heat, through air currents convection
a sudden falling of an elevated body temperature to normal crisis
a bluish discoloration of the skin and nucous membranes cyanosis
the phase in the cardiac cycle in which the heart relaxes between contractions diastole
the point of lesser pressure on the arterial wall, which is recorded during deastole. diastolic pressure
shortness of breat or difficulty in breathing dyspnea
an irregular rhythm; aslo termed arrhythmia. dysrhythmia
normal respiration. the rate is 16 to 20 respiratios per minute, the rhythm is even and regular, and the depht is normal. eupnea
the act of breathing out exhalation
a temperature scale on which the freezinf porin of water is 32 degrees and the boiling point of water is 212 degrees. fahrenheit scale
pertaining to fever febrile
a body temperature taht is above normal; synonym for pyrexia fever
the midline fold that connects the undersufrace of the tongue with the floor of the mouth frenulum linguae
an abmornal increase in the reate and depht of respiration hyperpnea
an extremely high fever hyperpyrexia
high blood pressure hypertension
an abnormally fast and deep type of breathing, usually associated with acute anxiety conditions. hyperventilation
an abnormal decrease in the reate and depth of respiration hypopnea
low blood pressure hypotension
a body temperature that is below normal hypothermia
a decrease in teh oxygen suply to the tissues of the body hypoxia
the act of breathing in inhalation
between the ribs intercostal
sounds heard durring the measurement of blood pressure that are used to dertermine the systolic and diastolic blood pressure readings. korotkoff sounds
a vague sense of body discomfort, weakness, and fatigue that often marks the onset of a disease and continues though the course of the illness malaise
an instrument for measuring pressure manometer
the curved surface on a column of liquid in a tube meniscus
a decrease in the oxygen saturation of th blood. hypoxemia may lead to hypoxia hypoxemia
the condition in which breathing is easier when an indivivual is in a sitting or standing position orthopnea
a computerized device consisting of a probe and monitor used to measure the oxygen saturation of arterial blood pluse oximeter
the difference between the systolic and diastolic pressure pulse pressure
they time interval between heartbeats pulse rhythm
an agent that reduces rever antipyretic
THe use of a pulse oximeter to measure the oxygen saturation of arterial blood. pulse oximetry
the strength of the heartbeat. pulse volume
the transfer of energy, such as heat, in the form of waves. radiation
abbteviation for the percentage of hemoglobin that is saturated with oxygen in arterial blood. SaO2
abbreviation for the percentage of hemoglobin that is saturated with oxygen in arterial blood as measured by a pulse oximeter. SpO2
an instrument for measuring arterial blood pressure. sphygmomanometer
an instrument for amplifying and hearing sounds produced by the body stethoscope
the phase in the cardiac cycle in whick the venricles contract, sending blood out of the heart and into the aorta and pulmonary aorta. systole
the poing of maximum pressure on the arterial walls, which is recorded during systole. systolic pressure
and abnormally fast heart rate. (more than 100 bpm) tachycardia
an abnormal increase in the respiratory rate of more than 20 respirations per minute tachypnea
a pulse with a decreased volume that feels weak and thin. thready pulse
Created by: AlyssaSearls