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terminology review 4

chapter four

adventitious sounds abnormal breath sounds
afebrile without fever; the body temperature is normal
alveolus a thin-walled air sac of the lungs in which the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place
antecubital space the space located at the front of the elbow
antipyretic a agent that reduces fever
aorta the major trunk of the arterial system of the body the aorta arises from the upper surface of the left ventricle
apena the temorary cessation of breathing
axilla the armpit
bounding pulse a pulse with an increased volume that feels very strong and full
bradycardia an abnormal slow rate (less than 60 beats per minute)
bradypnea an abnormal decrease in the respiratory rate of less than 10 respirations per minute
celsius scale a temperature scale on which the freezing point of water is 0 degrees and the boiling point of water is 100 also called the centigrade scale
convection the transfer of energy such as heat through air currents
conduction the transfer of energy such as heat from on object to another by direct contact
crisis a sudden falling of an elevated body temperature to normal
cyanosis a bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes
diastole the phrase in the cardiac cycle in which the heart relaxes between contractions
diastolic pressure the point of lesser pressure on the arterial wall which is recorded during diastole
dyspnea shortness of breath or difficulty in breathing
dysrhythmia an irregular rhythm alson termed arrhythmia
eupnea normal resporations the rate is 16 to 20 per minute the rhythm is even and regular and the depth is normal
exhalation the act of breathing out
fahrenheit scale a temp scale on which the freezing point of water is 32 degrees and the boiling point of water is 212 degrees
febrile pertaining a fever
fever a body temperature that is above normal;synonym for pyrexia
frenulum linguae the midline fold that connects the undersurface of the tongue with the floor of the mouth
hyperpnea an abnormal increase in the rate and depth of respirations
hyperpyrexia an extermely high fever
hyertension high blood presure
hyperventilation an abnormal decrease fast and depth type of breathing usually associated with acute anxiety conditions
hypopnea an abmornal decrease in the rate and depth of respirations
hypotension low blood pressure
hypothermia a body temp that is below normal
hypoxemia a decrease in the oxygen saturation of the blood hypexemia may lead to hypoxia
hypoxia a reduction in the oxygen supply to the tissues of the body
intercostal between the ribs
korotkoff sounds sounds hearing during the measurments of blood pressure that are used to determine the systolic and diastolic blood presure readings
malaisa a vague sence of body discomfort weakness, and fatigue that often marks the onset of a disease and continue through the course of the illness
manometer an instrument for measuring pressure
meniscus the curved surface on a column of liquid in a tube
orthopnea the condition in which breathing is easier when an individual is in a sitting or standing position
pulse oximetry the use of a pule oximeter to meassure the oxygen saturations of arterial blood
pulse pressure the difference between the systolic and diastolic pressure
puls rhythm the time interval between heartbeats
pulse volume the strength of the heartbeat
radiation the transfer of energy such as a heart in the forms of waves
saO2 satureation of the arterial oxygen abbreviations for the percentage of hemoglobin that is saturated with oxygen in arterial blood as measured by a pulse oximeter
Sp02 satureation of peripheral oxygen abbreviations fro the percentage of hemoglobin that is saturated with oxygen in arterail blood as measured by a pulse oximeter
sphygmomanometer an instrument for measuring arteral blood pressure
stethascope an instrument for amplifying and hearing sounds produced by the body
systole the phase in the cardiac cycle in which the ventricles contract, sending blood out the heart and into the aorta and pulmonary aorta
systolic pressure the point of maximum pressure on the arterial walls, which is recorded during systole
tachycardia an abnormally fast fast heart rate (more than 100 beats per minute)
tachypnea an abnormal incresincrease in the respiratory rate of more than 20 respirations per minute
thready pulse a pulse with a decreased volume that feels weak and thin
Created by: darciascearse