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bonweit chapter 4

vital signs

QuestionAnswer
adventitious sounds abnormal breath sounds
afebrile without fever; the body temperature is normal
alveolus a thin-walled air sac of the lungs in which the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide is taken in
antecubital space the space located at the front of the elbow.
antipyretic an angent that reduces fever
aorta the major trunk of the arterial system of the body. the aorta arises from the upper surface of the left ventricle.
apnea the temporary cessation of breathing.
axilla the armpit
bouding pulse a pulse with an increased volume that feels very strong and full
bradycardia abnormally slow heart rate (less than 60 betas per minute
bradypnea an abnoral decrease in the respiratory rate of less tha 10 respirations per minute.
celsuis scale a tempertaure scale on which the freezing point of water is 0 and the boiling point of water is 100 ; also calledthe centigrade scale
conduction the transfer of energy, such as heat, from one object to another by direct contact
convection the transfer of energy, such as heat, through air current
crisis a sudden falling of an elevated body temperature to normal
cyanosis a bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membrane
diastole the phase in the cardiac cycle in which the heart relaxes between contractions.
diastolic pressure the point of lesser pressure on the arterial wall, which is recorded during diastole.
dyspnea shortness of breathe or difficulty in breathing
dysrhythmia an irregular rhythem; also termed arrhythmia
eupnea normal respiration. the rate in 16 to 20 respirations per minute, the rythem is even and regular, and the depth is normal
exhalation the act of breathing
fahrenheit scale a temperature scale on which the freezing point of water is 32 and the boiling point is 212
febrile pertaining to fever
fever a body temperature that is above normal; synonym is pyrexia
frenulum linguae the midline fold that connects the undersurface of the tongue with the floor of the mouth
hyperpnea an abnormal decrease in the rate and depth of respiration.
hyperpyrexia an extremely high fever
hypertension high blood pressure
hyperventilation an abnormally fast and deep type of breathing, usually associated with acute anxiety condition
hypopnea an abnormal decrease in the rate and dept of respiration
hypotension low blood pressure
hypothermia a body temperature that is below normal
hypoxemia a decrease in the oxygen saturation of the blood. hypoxemia may lead to hypoxia.
hypoxia a reduction in the oxygen supply to the tissues of the body.
inhalation the act of breathing
intercostal between the ribs
korotkoff sounds sounds heard during the measurement of blood pressure that are used to determine the systolic and diastolic blood pressure reading.
malaise a vague sense of body discomfort, weakness, and fatigue that often marks the onsetof a disease and continues through the course of illness.
manometer an instrumentfor messuring pressure.
meniscus the curved surface on a column of liquid in a tube
orthopnea the condition in which breathing is easier when an individual is in a sitting or standing position.
pulse oximeter a computerized device consisting of a probe and monitor used to measure the oxygen saturation of arterial blood.
pulse oximetry the use of pulse oximeter to measure the oxygen saturation of arterial blood.
pulse pressure the difference between the systolic and diastolic pulse oximetryressures.
pulse rythem the time intervals between heartbeats.
pulse volume the strength of the heartbeat.
SaO2(saturation of arterial oxygen) abbreviation for the percentage of hemoglobin that is saturated with oxygen in arterial blood as measured by a pulse oximeter.
SpO2(saturation of peripheral oxygen) abbreviation for the percentage of hemoglobin that is saturated with oxygen in arterial blood as measured by a pulse oximeter.
sphygmomanometer an instrument for measuring arterialblood pressure.
stethoscope an instrument for amplifying and hearing sounds produced by the body.
systole the phase on the cardiac cycle in which the ventricle sends blood out of the heart and into the aorta and the pulmonar aorta.
systolic pressure the point of maximum pressure on the arterial walls, which is recorded during systole.
tachycardia an abnormally fast heart rate (100 beats per minute)
tachypnea an abnoram increase in the respiratory rate of more than 20 respirations per minute
thready pulse a pulse with a decrease volume that feels weak and thin.
radiation transfer of energy through waves
Created by: sashapalmer