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lab values peds

rbc: hemoglobin values (g/dl) neonate: 20 1-6 months: 13 5-8 years: 14 13-18 years: 15 highest at birth, then decrease; starts increasing at age 5
rbc: hematocrit value (%) neonate: 60 1-6 months: 40 5-8 years: 42 13-18 years: 47 high as neonate, then decreases; start increasing at age 5
rbc: rbc (mill/mm3) neonate: 6 1-6 months: 4 5-8 years: 5 13-18 years: 5 high as neonate, then decrease; increase at age 5
rbc: plts (10X3/mm3) neonate: 450 1-6 months: 700 5-8 years: 550 13-18 years: 450 from birth starts increasing but then decreases at age 2-5
wbc: (10X3/mm3) neonate: 35 1-6 months: 18 5-8 years: 15 13-18 years: 13 birth range 10-35 then decreases
wbc: segs neonate: 60 1-6 months: 30 5-8 years: 50 13-18 years: 60 high at birth then decreases; start increasing at age 5
wbc: bands neonate: 18 1-6 months: 12 5-8 years: 11 13-18 years: 11 high at birth then decreases
wbc: lymphs neonate: 30 1-6 months: 70 5-8 years: 50 13-18 years: 45 low at birth then increases, at 5 start decreasing
newborn lab values hct >60-polycythemia hgb<15 blood loss, hemolysis, anemia
low and high WBC high WBC>15; attempt to fight infection low WBC<5; system overwhelmed by infection WBC to rule out bacteremia (if <10)
lab tests for possible sepsis cdc with diff, ua, ucx, blood cx, stool cx, csf cell count & cx, cxr
bilirubin values (mg/dl) total: 0-3 day: 2-10 total: 1m-adult: 0-1.5 direct, conjugated: newborns: <1.5 direct, conjugated: 1m-adult: 0-0.5
Coombs test to find level of maternal antibodies in case of ABO incompatibility and RH negative mother (both leads to fetus with anemia, jaundice, hyperbilirubinemia,etc)
total bilirubin 20 require phototherapy
common screening tests for newborns congenital adrenal disease, sickle cell, HIV, hypothyroidism, PKU
do urinalysis when small child/infants has fever & no signs of infection
IgG, IgM, IgA IgG-passes to fetus via placenta at 30-32 weeks IgM-first antibody produced by infants 4 months IgA-high in breast milk; local immunity
reason for multiple booster shots for immunization in first year of life no or few antibodies to produce a response
oxygen saturation <90 clinically significant hypoxia in children
Created by: deleted user