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muscular cards

muscular system

3 Muscle Functions *Hold the body Erect and make movement possible *Generates nearly 85% of body heat *Move food through the digestive system
How many muscles? More than 600
3 Muscle Tissues *Muscle Fibers *Fascia *Tendons
3 Types of Muscle *Skeletal *Smoooth *Cardiac
Skeletal Muscle Attaches to the bone and is also called striated because of how the muscle fibers look. It's under conscious(voluntary) control
Smooth Muscles Found in the walls of internal organs suc as the digestive track and blood vessels. It's Visceral (unstriated) Under involuntary control.
Cardiac Muscle In the heart and is unique. Looks striated but acts like smooth muscle.
Muscles are arranges in ______. Pairs
Antagonistic Muscle Pairs work in opposition to eachother.
Contraction and Relaxation Make motion possible.
Contraction The tightening of a muscle
Relaxation When muscle returs to it's normal state.
Abduction Moving AWAY from midline
Adduction Moving TOWARD the midline.
Flexion DECREASING the angle of a joint.
Extension INCREASES the angle of a joint
Elevation RAISES a body part.
Depression LOWERS a body part.
Rotation Turns a bone on it's own axis
Circumduction Turns a bone at the far end.
Supination Turns the plam upward or FORWARD
Pronation Turns the palm downward or BACKWARD
Dorisflexion Bends the foot UPWAWARD at the ankle.
Plantar Flexion Bends the foot DOWNWARD at the ankle.
Tendonitis Inflammation of the tendon caused by excessive of repetitive use of a joint
Myalgia Muscle tenderness or pain
Myorrhexis Rupture of the muscle
Dystaxia Difficulty controlling voluntary movement
Contracture Abnormal shortening of the muscle tissue making the muscles resistant to stretching
Spasm(cramp) Sudden, involuntary contraction of a muscle or a group of muscles
Bradykinesia Extreme slowness in movement
Myasthenia Gravis Chronic autoimmune disease where there is difficulty in the neuromuscular function causing episodes of extreme muscle weakness.
Muscular Dystrophy Group of disorders that cause muscle weakness without affecting the nervous system
Duchenne's Muscular Dystrophy Group pof disorders that appears from 2-6 years of age and progresses slowly. Survival beyond late twenties is rare.
Fibromyalgia Chronic disorder of unknown cause. Causes widespread aching pain, tender points, and fatigue.
Tender Points Abnormal areas of soreness. Usually in predictable locations at the base of the neck along the spine, in front of the hip and elbow and behind the knee and shoulder.
Rotator Cuff Tendinitis Inflammation of the tendons of th erotator cuff. The condition is often named for the cause(tennis shoulder, Pitcher's shoulder)
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Occurs when tendons passing through the carpal tunnel are chronically overused and become inflamed and swollen. Swellling creates pressure on the nerve as it passes thorugh the tunnel, causing pain, burnin, and tingling in the fingers and hand.
Created by: Burnpro56