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LOM 20 & Kinn Ch 50

Radiologic terms

PA Posterioranterior - x-ray beam travels back to front
AP Anteroposterior - x-ray beam travels from front to back
Lateral (commonly left lateral) X-ray beam travels through right side to left side which is against the film
Oblique X-ray beam travels in a slanting direction and an angle from the perpendicular plane.
abduction away from midline
adduction toward midlin
eversion turning outward
extension straightening a flexed limb
flexion bending a part of the body
inversion turning inward
lateral decubitus lying on side - x-ray beam horizontally positioned
prone lying on the belly
recumbent lying down (prone or supine)
supine lying on the back
axial radiograph taken with a longitudinal angle
anterior front of body
posterior back of body
cephalic toward the head
caudal toward the feet
external to the outside
inferior below
internal deep; near the center of the body part
lateral referring to the side
medial toward the center
palmar referring to the palm of the hand
plantar referring to the sole of the feet
proximal toward the point of origin (closer to midline of the body)
distal toward the distant point farthest from midline of the body
sagittal plane right and left halves
mid-saggital plane equal right and left halves
coronal plane or frontal plane divides the body into anterior and posterior portions
transverse plane divides the body into superior and inferior portions
sonogram or ultrasound imaging using sound waves
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
CT computed tomography
Nuclear Medicine imaging using tracers of radioactive material swallowed or injected
DEXA dual energy x-ray absorptiometry
mA milliamperage - how rapidly radiation is produced during x-ray
kVp kilovoltage - penetrating power of the x-ray beam
SID source to image distance during x-ray exposure
Created by: cskinner