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Bonewit chapter 4

Vital Signs

QuestionAnswer
Adventitious sounds abnormal breath sounds
Aferbrile without fever; the body temperature is normal
Antecubital space the space located at the front of the elbow
Antipyretic an agent that reduces fever
Aorta the major trunk of the arterial system of the body. The aorta arises from the upper surface of the left ventricle.
Apnea the temporarry cessation of breathing
Axilla the armpit
Adventitious sounds abnormal breath sounds
Aferbrile without fever; the body temperature is normal
Antecubital space the space located at the front of the elbow
Bradypnea an abnormal decrease in the respiratory rate of less than 10 respirations per minute
Aorta the major trunk of the arterial system of the body. The aorta arises from the upper surface of the left ventricle.
Apnea
Conduction the transfer of energy, such as heat, from one object to another by direct contact
Axilla the armpit
Convection the transfer of energy, such as heat, through air currents
a pulse with an increased volume that feels very strong and full
Bradycardia an abnormally slow heart rate (less than 60 BPM)
Bradypnea an abnormal decrease in the respiratory rate of less than 10 respirations per minute
Celsius scale a temperature scale on which feezing point of water is 0 derees and the boiling point of water is 100 degrees; also called the centigrate scale
Conduction the transfer of energy, such as heat, from one object to another by direct contact
Convection the transfer of energy, such as heat, through air currents
Crisis a sudden falling of an elevated body temerature to normal
Cyanosis bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes
Diastole the phase in cardiac cycle in which the heart relaxes between contractions
Diastolic pressure the points of lesser pressure on the arterial wall,which is recorded during diastole
Dyspnea shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
Dysrhythmia an irregular rhythem;also termed arrhythmia
Eupnea normal respiration. the rate is 16 to 20 respirations per minute, the rhythem is even and regular,and the depth is normal
Exhalation the act of breathing out
Fahrenheit a temperature scale on which the freezing point of water is 32 degrees and the boiling point of water is 212 degrees
Febrile pertaining to fever
Fever a body temperature that is above normal;synonym for pyrexia
Frenulum linguae the middle fold that connects the undersurface of the tongue with the floor of the mouth
Hyperpnea an abnormal increase in the rate and depth of respiration
Hyperpyrexia an extremely high fever
Hypertension high blood pressure
Hyperventilation an abnormally fast and deep type of breathing,usually associated with acute anxiety conditions
Hypopnea an abnormal decrease in the rate and depth of respiration
Hypotension low blood pressure
Hypothermia a body temperature that is below normal
Hypoxemia a decrease in the oxygen saturation of the blood. Hypoxemia may lead to hypoxia
Hypoxia a reduction in the oxygen supply to the tissuea of the body
Inhalation the act of breathing in
Intercostal between the ribs
Korotokoff sounds sounds heard during the measurment of blood pressure that are used to determine the systolic and diastolic blood pressure readings
Malaise a vague sense of body discomfort,weakness,and fatigue that often marks the onset of a disease and continues through the course of the illness
Manometer an instument for measureing pressure
Meniscus the curved surface on a column of liquid in a tube
Orthopnea the condition in which breathing is easier when an individual is in a sitting or standing position
Pulse oximeter a computerized device consisting of a probe and monitor used to measure the oxygen saturation of arterial blood
Pulse oximetry the use of a pulse oximeter to measure the oxygen saturation of arterial blood
Pulse pressure the difference between the systolic and diastolic pressures
Pulse rhythm the time interval between heartbeats
Pulse volume the strength of the heartbeat
Radiaion the transfer of energy,such as heat, in the form of waves
SaO2(saturation of arterial oxygen) abbreviation for the percentage of hemoglobin that is saturated with oxygen in arterial blood
SpO2(saturation of peripheral oxygen abbreviation for the percentage of hemoglobin that is saturated with oxygen in arterial blood as measured by a pulse oximeter
Sphygmomanometer an instrument for measuring arterial blood pressure
Stethoscope in instrument for amplifying and hearing sounds produced by the body
Systole the phase in the cardiac cycle in which the ventricles contract,sending blood out of the heart and into the aorta and pulminary aorta
Systolic pressure the point of maximum pressure on the arterial walls,which is recordedduring systole
Tachycardia an abnormally fast heart rate(more than 100 beats per minute)
Tachypnea an abnormal increase inthe respiratory rate of more than 20 respirations per minute
Thready pulse a pulse with a decreased volume that feels weak and thin
Created by: AnnaJoseph