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Chap2 Sec1

Weather and Climate Part 1

QuestionAnswer
weather The condition of the bottom layer of the earth's atmosphere in one place over a short period of time
climate weather patterns that are typically experienced over a long period of time
rotation the action of the earth spinning on its axis like a top
revolution one complete, nearly circular path as the earth revolves or moves around the sun. Earth completes one revolution every 365 1/4 days.
solstice Either of the two times per year when the sun appears directly overhead at the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn
equinox Either of the two time each year (spring and fall) when day and night are of nearly equal length everywhere on earth
precipitation All forms of water that fall to earth from the atmosphere, including rain and snow
Tropic of Cancer A circle of latitude that marks the northernmost path of the Sun on the Earth during the solstice.
Tropic of Capricorn Also called southern tropic. Marks the most southerly latitude at which the Sun can appear directly overhead.
prevailing winds The pattern of temperature and presure combined at each latitude zone to form constant flow of air
Created by: mrsbbaum