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Medical Asepsis

Aerobe A microorganism that needs oxygen to live and grow.
Anaerobe A microorganism that grows best in the absence of oxygen.
Antiseptic An agent that inhibits the growth of or kills microoganisms.
Asepsis Free from infection or pathogens; the actions practiced to make and maintain an area or object free from infection or pathogens.
Cilia Slender, hairlike projections that constantly beat toward the outside to remove microoranisms from the body.
Contaminate To soil or to make impure.
Decontamination The use of physical or chemical means to remove, inactivate, or destroy pathogens on a surface or item.
Hand Hygiene The process of cleansing or sanitizing the hands.
Infection The condition in which the body, or part of it, is invaded by a pathogen.
Medical Asepsis Practices that are employed to reduce the number and hinder the transmission of pathogens.
Microorganism (MO) A microscopic plant or animal.
Nonintact Skin Skin has a break in the surface. It includes, but is not limited to, abrasions, cuts, hangnails, paper cuts, and burns.
Nonpathogen A microorgnism that does not normally produce disease.
Opportunistic Infection An infection that results from a defective immune system that cannot defend the body from pathogens normally found in the enviroment.
Optimum Growth Temperature The temperature at which an organism grows best.
Parenteral Taken into the body through the piercing of the skin barrier or mucous membranes, such as through needlesticks, human bites, cuts, and abrasions.
Pathogen A disease-produsing organism.
Perinatal Relating to the period shortly before and after birth.
Postexposure Prophylaxis (PEP) Treatment administered to an individual after exposure to an infectious disease to prevent the disease.
Regulated Medical Waste (RMW) Medical waste that poses a threat to health and safety.
Reservior Host The organism That becomes infected by a pathogen and serves as a source of transfer of the pathogen to others.
Resident Flora Harmless, nonpathogenic microorganisms that normally reside on the skin and usually do not cause disease; also known as normal flora.
Susceptible Easily affected; lacking resistance.
Transient Flora Microorganisms that reside on the superficial skin layers and are picked up in the course of daily activities. They are often pathogenic but can be removed easily from the skin by sanitizing hands.
Created by: brittanycaupp