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MF Vocabulary

Medical Foundations Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
anatomical position standing erect, palms of the hands facing forward
sagittal plane divides the body into right and left portions
frontal plane divides the body into front and back portions
transverse plane divides the body into upper and lower portions
superior/cephalic/cranial more toward the head, above another structure
inferior/caudal more toward the feet or tail, below another structure
anterior/ventral more toward the front or belly-side of the body
posterior/dorsal more toward the back or spinal cord side of the body
lateral to the side
medial to the middle or near the middle of the body or structure
axillary armpit
superficial more toward the surface of the body
deep further away from the surface of the body
distal located farther away from the point of attachment to the body
proximal located nearer to the point of attachment to the body
adduction movement of a body part toward the mid-line of the body
abduction movement of a body part away the mid-line of the body
supine the body lying horizontally and facing upward
prone the body lying horizontally and facing downward
apex tip or summit of an organ
base bottom or lower part of an organ
inguinal the groin, crease where leg attaches to torso
a before
c with
p after
q every
s without
ASA aspirin
CCU coronary care unit
H/A headache
CO2 carbon dioxide
O2 oxygen
r/o rule out
*al, *eal, *iac, *ic, *ical, *ior pertaining to
*ology study of
endo* within
peri* around, surrounding
cardi/o heart
myocardi/o heart muscle
gastro/o stomach
inpatient hospitalized patients
medical records documents that contain a chronological log of a patient's care
outpatient not an inpatient but instead is cared for elsewhere
plantar bottom of the foot
Created by: christina.brown2