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Digestive System

Med Term II Digestive System

QuestionAnswer
anoplasty surgical repair of the anus
appendicitis Inflammation of the appendix
biliverdin green bile pigment
buccogingival pertaining to the cheeks and gums
cecopexy surgical repair/fixation of the cecum to correct excessibe mobility
celioma abdominal tumor
choleic pertaining to bile
cholangiogram x-ray image of the bile vessels
cholecystectomy removal of the gall bladder
choledochotomy incision into the common bile duct
colectomy removal of all/part of the colon
duodentitis inflammmation of the dueodenum
enteropathy any intestinal disease
esophagoscopy examination of the interior of the esophagus
gastralgia stomach ache
glossopharyngeal pertaining to the tongue and pharynx/throat
glucogenesis formation of glucose
glycosuria abnormal excertion of carboyhdrates in the urine
glycogenolysis breakdown of glycogen to glucose
hepatitis liver disease or inflammation
ileitis inflammation of the ileum
jejunostomy surgical opening to the outside of the body for the jejunum
labioplasty \ cheiloplasty surgical repair of the lips
linguodental pertaining to the tongue and teeth
orofacial pertaining to the mouth and face
pancreatitis inflammation of the pancreas
peritomitis inflammation of the peritoneum
pharyngotonsillitis inflammation of the pharynx and tonsils
proctologist medical specialist that diagnoses and treats diseases of the anus and rectum
pylorospasm involuntary contraction of the pylorus
rectoabdominal pertaining to the rectum and abdomen
sialism excessive secretion of saliva
sialoadenitis inflammation of the salivary glands
sigmoidoscopy visual examination of the sigmoid colon
steatorrhea greater than normal amounts of fat in the feces
stomatitis inflammation of the lining of the mouth
anoplasty surgical repair of the anus
appendicitis inflammation of the appendix
biliberdin green bile pigment
buccogingival pertaining to the cheeks and gums
cecopexy surigcal fixation of the cecum
celioma tumor in the abdomen
choleic pertaining to bile
cholangiogram x-ray of the bile vessels
cholecystectomy removal of the gallbladder
choledocotomy incision into the common bile duct
colectomy removal of the colon (all or part)
duodenitis inflammation of the duodenum
enteropathy intestinal disease
esophagoscopy use of an instrument to view the esophagus
glossopharyngeal pertaining to the tongue and pharynx
glucogenesis formation of glucose
glycosuria sugar in urine
glycogenolysis breaksown of glycogen to glucose
hepatitis inflammation of the liver
ileitis inflammation of the ileum
stomachace gastralgia
jejunostomy surgical opening (outside the body) for the jejunum
labioplasty / cheiloplasty surgical repair of lips
linguodental pertaining to tongue and teeth
orofacial pertaining to mouth and face
pancreatitis inflammation of the pancreas
peritonitis inflammation of the peritoneum
pharyngotonsillitis inflammation of the tonsils and pharynx
proctologist specialist in study and treatment of diseases of the anus and rectum
pylorospasm contraction of the pylorus
rectoabdominal pertaining to the rectum and abdomen
sialism excessive secretion of saliva
sialoadenitis inflammation of the salivary glands
sigmoidoscopy use of an istrument to view the sigmoid colon
steatorrhea a flowing of fats in the feces
stomatitis inflammation of the mouth (lining)
ALT, AT Alanine Transaminase
AST Aspartic Acid Transaminase
BE Barium Enema
BM Bowel Movement
EGD EsophagoGastroDuodenoscopy
ERCP Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography
GERD GastroEsophageal Reflux Disease
GI GastroIntestinal
IBD Irritable Bowel Disease
IBS Irritable Bowel Sydrome
NG nasogastric
NPO nothing by mouth(nul per os)
SGOT Serum Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase
SGPT Serum Glutamic Pyruvic Transminase
TPN Total Parenteral Nutrition
UGI (S) Upper GastroIntestinal (Series)
-ase enzyme
Created by: ivablake