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Bonewit chapter 2

Medical Asepsis & the OHSA Standard

Aerobe A microorganism that needs oxygen to live and grow.
Anaerobe A microorganism that grows best in the absence of oxygen.
Antiseptic an agent that inhibitsthe growth of or kills microorganisms.
Asepsis Free from infection or pathogens;the actions practiced to make & maintain on area or object free from infection or pathogens.
Cilia Slender,hairlike projections that consistantly beat toward the outside to remove microorganisms from the body.
Decontamination hte use of physical or chemical means to remove,inactivate,or destroy pathogens on a surface or item to the point where they are no longer capable of transmitting infectious particles;the surface or item is rendered safe for handling,use or disposal.
Contaminate To soil or to make impure. An aseptic object becomes"this"when it touches something that is not clean.
Hand Hygiene the process of cleansing or sanitizing the hands.
Infection The condition in which the body,or part of it, is invaded by a pathogen.
Medical Asepsis Practices that are employed to reduce the number & hinderthe the transmission of pathogens.
Microorganism (MO) A microscopic plant or animal.
Nonintact Skin Skin that has a break in the surface. It includes,but is not limited to, abrasions,cuts,hangnails,paper cuts,& burns.
Nonpathogen A microorganism that does not normally produce disease.
Opportunistic Infection An infectoin that results from a defective immune system that cannot defend the body from pathogens normally found in the environment.
Optimum Growth Temerature The temperature at which an organism gros best.
Parenteral Taken into the body through the piercing of the skin barrier or mucous membranes,such as through needlesticks,human bites,cuts & abrasions.
Pathogen A disease-producing microorganism.
Perinatal Relating to the period shortly before and after birth.
Postexposure Prophylaxis (PEP) Treatment administered to an individual after exposure tp an infectious disease to prevent the disease.
Regulated Medical Waste (RMW) Medical waste that poses a threat to health and safety.
Reservoir Host The organism that becames infected by a pathogen & serves as a source of transfer of the pathogen to others.
Resident Flora Harmless, nonpathogenic microorganisms that normally reside on the skin & usually do not cause disease; also known as normal flora.
Susceptible Easily affected;lacking resistance.
Transient Flora Microorganisms that reside on the superficial layers & are picked up in the course of daily activities. Thay are often pathogenic but can be removed easily from the skin by sanitizing the hands.
Created by: AnnaJoseph