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Phiso/Kidney

QuestioAnswer
Sodium 135-145 meq/L
Potassium 3.5-5.0 meq/L
Chloride 98-110 meq/L
Bicarb 22-30 meq/L
BUN 7-20 mg/dL
Scr 0.6-1.2 mg/dL
Glucose 65-99 mg/dL
Calcium 8-10 mg/dL
Phosphorous 2.5-4.5 mg/dL
Magnesium 1.5-2.5 mg/dL
WBC 4-10 k/cmm
Hgb 13-18 g/dL
Hct 39-54%
Platelets 150-400 k/cmm
MCV definition mean corpuscular volume: average size of RBC
normocytic (MCV) normal size
microcytic (MCV) small size
reasons for microcytic (MCV) iron deficiency anemia, thalassemia (inherited blood disorder)
macrocytic (MCV) large size
reasons for macrocytic (MCV) megaloblastic anemias: Vit B12 or folic acid deficiency
MCH definition Mean corpuscular hemoglobin: average weight of RBC
macrocytic (MCH) more Hemoglobin
microcytic (MCH) less hemoglobin
MCHC definition Mean Corpuscular hemoglobin concentration: average concentration of hemoglobin in one RBC
normochromic (MCHC) normal color
reasons for normochromic RBC hemolytic anemia
hypochromic (MCHC) less color
reasosn for hypochromic RBC iron deficiency anemia, thalassemia
Metabolic acidosis, not compensated low pH, normal PCO2, low bicarb
Metabolic acidosis, complete compensation normal pH, low PCO2, low bicarb
Metabolic alkalosis, not compensated high pH, normal PCO2, high bicarb
Metabolic alkalosis, complete compensation normal pH, high PCO2, high bicarb
Respiratory acidosis, not compensated low pH, high PCO2, normal bicarb
Respiratory acidosis, complete compensation normal pH, high PCO2, high bicarb
Respiratory alkalosis, not compensated high pH, low PCO2, normal bicarb
Respiratory alkalosis, complete compensation normal pH, low PCO2, low bicarb
PCO2 36-44 mmHg
PO2 80-100 mmHg
pH 7.36-7.44
Created by: BronsonB