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AP Human - B.20-31

AP Human Geography Reading Quiz - Belij 20-31

Scale The distance on a map compared to the distance on earth. The territorial extent on earth.
On a global scale, what are the wealthiest regions? Western Europe, Canada, US, Japan, and Australia.
On a global scale, what are the poorest regions? Subsaharan Africa and Southeast Asia.
Rescale To involve players at other scales and create a global outcry of support for their position.
Another term for rescale Jumping Scale
Region An area that shares similar characteristics
Formal Region An area defined by physical criteria and by cultural traits
Functional Region The product of interactions and movement of various kinds
Perceptual Regions Intellectual constructs designed to help us understand the nature and distribution of phenomena
Regions are A way of organizing humans geographically
Spatial Classification Handling large amounts of information so we can make since of them
Culture The sum total of the knowledge, attitudes, and habitual behavior patterns shared and transmitted by the members of society.
Cultural Trait A single attribute of a culture, such as wearing a turban
Cultural Complex A related set of cultural traits, such as prevailing dress codes and cooking and eating utensils
Cultural Hearth Heartland, source area, innovation center; place of origin of a major culture
Independent Invention The term for a trait with many cultural hearths that developed independent of each other
Cultural Diffusion The process of dissemination, the spread of an idea or innovation from its hearth to other places
Time-Distance Decay The declining degree of acceptance of an idea or innovation with increasing time and distance from its point of origin or source
Cultural Diffusion The expansion and adoption of a cultural element, from its place or origin to a wider area
Expansion Diffusion The spread of an innovation or an idea through a population in an area in such a way that the number of those influenced grows continuously larger, resulting in an expanding area of dissemination
Contagious Diffusion The distance-controlled spreading of an idea, innovation, or some other item through a local population by contact from person to person - analogous to the communication of a contagious illness
Hierarchical Diffusion A form of diffusion in which an idea or innovation spreads by passing first among the most connected places or people. An urban hierarchy is usually involved, encouraging the leapfrogging of innovations over wide areas.
Stimulus Diffusion A form of diffusion in which a cultural adaption is created as a result of the introduction of a cultural trait from another place
Relocation Diffusion Sequential diffusion process in which the items being diffused are transmitted by their carrier agents as they evacuate the old areas and relocate to new ones. The most common form involves the spreading of innovations by a migrating population.
Environmental Determinism The view that the natural environment has a controlling influence over various aspects of human life, including cultural development. Also referred to as environmentalism.
Isotherm Line on a map connecting points of equal temperature values.
Possibilism Geographic viewpoint that holds that human decision making is the crucial factor in cultural development. Nonetheless, possibilists view the environment as providing a set of broad constraints that limit possibilities of human choice.
Cultural Ecology The multiple interactions and relationships between a culture and a the natural environment.
Political Ecology An approach to studying nature - society relations that is concerned with the ways in which environmental issues both reflect, and are the result of, the political and socioeconomic contexts in which they are situated.
Created by: rachel.franzreb