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6SS Fertile Crescent

Chapter 5 - History of the Fertile Crescent

QuestionAnswer
What are two important rivers in Mesopotamia called? Tigris & Euphrates
What did early Mesopotamians experience problems with? flooding and little rainfall
What present day country was ancient Mesopotamia located? Iraq
What does Mesopotamia mean? land between the rivers
What did Mesopotamians build to control the river's flow? canals
What is the region of rich farmland between the Mediterranean Sea and the Persian Gulf? the Fertile Crescent
When the rivers flooded the land, what made the land fertile for farming? silt
What did Mesopotamia's geography consist of? a mountainous north and low-lying south
What is silt a mixture of? rich soil and tiny rocks
Where does the mouth of the Euphrates River flow into? Persian Gulf
Who served as a link between the Sumerians and the gods? priests
Who established the world's first empire? Sargon
What is a form of writing using wedge-shaped symbols? cuneiform
What was the world's first civilization called? Sumer
Who created the world's first civilization? Sumerians
Who performed the religious ceremonies? priests
What were the large temples built by the Sumerians? ziggurats
What was the basic political unit of Sumer called? city-state
What was the religion of the Sumerians? polytheism
Who did the Sumerians believe controlled every aspect of their life? gods
Why did the Sumerians first use cuneiform? to keep records of business
What did most Sumerians live in? 1-story houses
Who was the Akkadian emperor that ruled for 50 year? Sargon
What are the social classes of the Sumerians? Kings, priests, craftspeople and merchants, laborers and slaves
What does it mean to have more food than is needed? A SURPLUS
What number is the Sumerians math system based on? 60
Who was the hero in the first epic? Gilgamesh
What did the Sumerians use to build vehicles such as carts? the wheel
What did the Sumerians use to sign documents? their personal cylinder seal
Who were the first people to master iron-making? Hittites
What was a wheeled, horse-drawn cart called? a chariot
What present day city was Babylon located near? Baghdad
What made the Phoenicians writing easier? the development of an alphabet
Who were the first people to write stories and poems about gods and military victories? Babylonians
Created by: ndmsteach