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Flavin PALKOS ch 19

ch 19 Blood Glucose Palkos VC 1800 Flavin

Excess _____ is stored as glycogen glucose
What organ breaks down glycogen and converts it to glucose? liver
________ is a hormone that controls the rate at which glucose enters the body's cells. insulin
What organ produces insulin? pancreas
The normal range of a _______ glucose level is 70-110 mg/dL. RANDOM
FBS fasting blood sugar
GTT glucose tolerance test
The normal range of a _______ glucose level is 70 to 99 mg/dL. fasting
If insulin is injected in excess of what is required it could cause _________. hypoglycemia
DM diabetes mellitus
Weight loss is associated with: DM
Type ___ is considered the more severe form of diabetes. 1
Type 1 was formerly known as insulin-dependent or ______________. juvenile diabetes
Type 2 diabetes can often be controlled by _____ alone. diet
Type 2 accounts for __%-__% of all cases of DM. 90-95%
Polyuria is: excretion of excessive amounts of colorless urine.
Excessive food intake is known as: polyphagia
Excessive thirst is known as: polydipsia
Severe itching is called: pruritus
The presence of glucose in the urine is known as: glycosuria
The breakdown of ____ is known as lipolysis. fat
The process for breaking down stored glycogen and converting it to glucose is known as: glycogenolysis
A fasting blood glucose level should be obtained for at least ___ to ___ hours of fasting. 8-12
When the pt has their blood drawn at any time of the day without specific instructions this is referred to as a ____ glucose. random
2 hour postprandial glucose is obtained 2 hours after the pt has eaten a meal.
A blood glucose level that is assessed after a pt has ingested 100 grams of glucose is a: GTT
Hemoglobin A1C has the capability to: see the pt's glucose level from several weeks to 2-3 months
Diabetes is indicated if a pt has a random blood glucose level greater than: 200 mg/dL
FBS are usually scheduled for the _________ morning
OGTT oral glucose tolerance test
Multiple blood and urine specimens are required for what tests? OGTT or GTT
A previous birth weight of greater than ___ pounds would be a risk factor. 9
A glucose level greater than _____ after 2 hours is considered diagnostic for diabetes. 200 mg/dL
Another name for glycosylated hemoglobin is: hemoglobin A1C
Created by: Iteach4Docs