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LTC-Medical History

People and Events in Medical History

QuestionAnswer
Hippocrate father of medicine; believed that illness was not caused by evil spirits
Anthon van Leeuwenhook invented the microscope
Ben Franklin invented bifocals & found out colds can be spread from one person to another
Edward Jenner smallpox vaccine in 1796
Rene’ Laennec invented the stethoscope
Elizabeth Blackwell first female physician in United States
Louis Pasteur proved disease caused by microorganisms; pasteurization/rabies vaccine in 1885
Joseph Lister used carbolic acid on wounds to kill germs & first physician to use antiseptic during surgery
Clara Barton Civil War nurse, developed American Red Cross in 1881
Robert Koch developed the culture plate method to study germs and discovered the bacteria that caused TB
Wilhelm Roentgen discovered x-rays in 1895
Sigmund Freud studied effects of unconscious mind on the body; studies basis of psychiatry
Sir Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin in 1928
Jonas Salk & Albert Sabin polio vaccine
Francis Crick & James Watson described the structure of DNA and how it carries genetic info; won the Noble Prize in 1962
Christian Barnard performed 1st successful heart transplant in 1968
William Harvey described the circulation of blood to from the heart in 1628
Ignaz Semmelweis encouraged physicians to wash hands before and after autopsies and delivering babies in 1840's; basis of aseptic technique (handwashing)
Rhazes Arab physician who began the use of animal gut for suture material
Frederick Banting and Charles Best discovered and used insulin to treat diabetes in 1922
Ben Carson 20th century neurosurgeon famous for separating conjoined twins (Siamese twins)& refined surgery to control seizures
Florence Nightingale "Founder of Modern Nursing"; began the professional education of nursing in 1860
Egyptians Medical contributions of Ancient times: known for creating first health records and structured procedures
Ancient Times Primary medical belief that sickness caused by supernatural beings
Babylonians Medical contributions of Ancient times:first to develop fees for physicians
Hindus Medical contributions of Ancient times:known for having hospitals and many types of surgery
Chinese Medical contributions of Ancient times: 1000 medicinal herbs and acupuncture
Ancient Greeks believed that illness is the result of natural causes
Ancient Romans known for beginning public health by installing great drainage & sanitation systems; first hospitals
Renaissance Reason replaced religion & superstition in medicine; known as the rebirth of the science of medicine; invention of printing press helped spread medical knowledge
Industrial Revolution Link between structure and function in the body is made
Modern Era New technology produced rapid growth in health care
20th Century First health insurance plans developed
16th, 17th Centuries First pharmacies (apothecaries) made prescribed and sold medications
1970s What decade was the first "test tube" baby born in England?
1960s What decade was birth control pills approved by the FDA?
1980s In what decade was Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) identified as a disease?
Andreas Vesalius published first anatomy book
2003 What year was the Human Genome Project was completed
Created by: kbailey
 

 



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