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general test wk1

general surgery test wk 1

hepatomegaly enlargement of the liver
removal of the salivary gland sialadenectomy
pertaining to the throat pharyngeal
hernia of the rectum rectocele
surgical repair of the roof of the mouth palatoplasty
after meals postprandial
visual examination of the anal and rectal region proctoscopy
study of the cause etiology
incision of the common bile duct choledochotomy
pertaining to teeth and cheek dentibuccal
disease condition of the small intestine enteropathy
new opening between the common bile duct and the jejenum choledochojejenumostomy
pertaining to surrounding the anus perianal
new opening from the colon to the outside of the body colostomy
under the lower jaw submanidular
pertaining to the face facial
inflammation of the appendix appendicitis
inflammation of the large intesting colitis
inflammation of the passageway from the throat to the stomach esophagitis
inflammation of the membrane surrounding the abdomen peritonitis
inflammation of the gallbladder cholycitis
inflammation of the thrid part of the small intestine ileitis
inflammation of the pancreas pancreaitis
inflammation of the gums gingevitis
inflammtion of the liver hepatitis
inflammation of the mouth stomatitis
inflammation of the salivary glands salandeitis
inflammation of small and large intestines enterocolitis
ingestion food material taken into mouth
digestion food breakdown and travels through tract
2 types of digestion mechanical-chewing chemical- breakdown by enzymes
absorption digested food passes to the blodd stream through cells in the small intestine wall
elimination body eliminates solid waste that can't be absorbed into the blood
deglutition swallow
mastication chew
oral pharynx gate way to swallowing
laryngo pharynx(gag reflex) has tactile receptors that initiate esophagus to start involuntary paristalsis
esophagus 2 sets of muscles. uses contraction type movements to move the bolus down the tube
outer layer of stomach serosa
serosa fibrous/ dense connective tissue; supports shape
2nd layer of stomach musculara externa
musculara externa 3 muscle levels. longitudinal, oblique, lateral; together create churning motion
chyme stomach paste created by churning in the stomach
inner layer of stomach rugae
rugae folds in stomach; thick mucosa lining; protects stomach from hydrochloric acid
duodenum 10 in long; has brunners glands that secrete bicarbinate fluid. recieves bile and pancreatic juices from biliary tract
liver serves as filter for blood and gi tract; produces bile
gallbladder stores bile
pancreas endocrine and exocrine. produces insulin, glucagon, and pancreatic juices
jejenum 7 1/2 ft long, most of chemical digestion; some absorption
ileum 10-10 1/2 ft long; absorption
cecum RUQ; appendix connects to it
hepatic fixture where ascending colon becomes transverse
splenic fixture transver colon becomes descending colon
ascending colon absorb fluid and electrolytes
transverse colon has goblet cells that produces mucous to help trap waste and form feces
descending colon fecal matter is formed
sigmoid colon shaped like an s; uses convayer like motions that move feces into rectum
rectum collects and recieves stool
anus last sphincter in the gi tract, stool expelled; both voluntary and involuntary
dorsal messentary provides blood supply to intestine; transports artery's and veins and lymphatics
4 intestinal layers serosa, muscularus externa, submucosa, mucosa
muscularus externa circular muscles- sqeeze longitudinal muscles- pull...creates peristalisis
mucosa contain villi
villi increase absorption area; each has brush borders to help trap nutrients
tineacoli tough tissue band that provides shape of large intestine
haustra pouches in intestine; maintain contour
falciform ligament divides greater lobe and lesser lobe in liver
alpha cells glucagon; before meal
beta cells insulin; after meal
delta cells somatostatin; after digestion
cck (cholecystokinin) in duodenum; causes gallbladder and pancreas to contract to start the digestive process in intestine
ventral messentary stores extra fat in stomach; also encases lymphatic tissue and blood vessels
myenteric plexis nerve group in intestines
Created by: a1h12