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ALH 122 Chap 12

ALH 122 Chap 12 - Senders, SBC Portland

adenoids lymphatic tissue (immune system tissue) filled with white blood cells that protects the nasopharynx
bronchi respiratory tubes that branch off the trachea (one to the left, one to the right lung)
bronchioles smaller branches off the bronchi, lead to alveoli
alveoli grape-like clusters of very thin tissue at the end of the bronchioles, where oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange occurs
cilia thin hairs that line the respiratory tract
diaphragm flat, sheet-like muscle that lies under the lungs, contracts and relaxes causing air to move in and out of the lungs
epiglottis piece of cartilage that covers the opening of the trachea, allowing air in but not food or liquid
expiration to breath out, exhale
inspiration to breath in, inhale
larynx voice box
pharynx throat, including the nasopharynx, the oropharynx, and the laryngopharynx
pleura membranes that cover the lungs (like mayo inside a sandwhich baggie)
respiration the process of breating, moving air in and out of the lungs
trachea windpipe
alveol/o alveolus (alevoli is plural)
capn/o carbon dioxide
coni/o dust
cyan/o blue
lob/o lobe of the lung
nas/o nose
orth/o straight, upright
orthopnea condition where one can breath more easily sitting or standing upright
ox/o oxygen
hypoxia not enough oxygen
pector/o chest
expectorate to cough up, expel or discharge via coughing
phon/o voice
aphonia inability to make noise
phren/o diaphragm
pleur/o pleura
pneum/o lungs or air
pneumon/o lungs or air
pulmon/o lungs
rhin/o nose
rinorrhea snotty nose
sinus/o sinus (caivty in the skull bones)
spir/o breathing
spirometer instrument to measure one's capacity to breath
atelectasis collapsed lung
thorac/o chest
tonsill/o tonsils
tonsillectomy removal of the tonsils
-osmia smell
anosmia inability to smell
-pnea to breath
apnea cessation (to stop) breathing
dyspnea difficulty breathing
tachypnea rapid, shallow breating
-thorax chest
auscultation listening to sounds within the body, typically with a stethoscope
sputum material expelled from the bronchi
purulent containing pus
O2 oxygen
CO2 carbon dioxide
Created by: asenders