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AP Human Geo Unit 1

Activity space area that you normally cover in a day
Biome a major ecological community type
Core area The center, heart, focus of whatever you’re measuring
Cultural ecology geographic approach that emphasizes human environment relationships
Carl Sauer The first American environmentalist, discovered that man could seriously have a negative impact on the natural environment
Cultural landscape human imprint upon the natural landscape
Density the frequency in which something occurs in space
Arithmetic density the total number of objects in an area; commonly used to compare the populations in different cities
Physiological density Number of people per unit of area suitable for agriculture
Agricultural density Number of farmers per unit area of farmland
Diffusion when connections are made between regions; the process by which a characteristic spreads across space
Relocation diffusion the spread of an idea through physical movement of people from one place to another
Expansion diffusion spread of a feature from one place to another in a snowballing process
Hierarchical diffusion spread of an idea from persons/nodes of authority or power to another person or place
Contagious diffusion rapid, widespread diffusion of a characteristic throughout the population
Stimulus diffusion spread of an underlying principle (characteristic itself fails to diffuse)
Distance decay If the distance is further there will be less traffic in that area
Distribution The arrangement of a feature in space
Environmental determinism Philosophy (old approach) that says the environment limits a societies ability to develop
Fertile crescent Crescent-shaped region containing the comparatively moist and fertile land of otherwise arid and semi-arid Western Asia; considered the home of agriculture
GIS Computer system that stores, organizes, analyzes, and displays geographic data
GPS system that determines the precise position of something on earth though a series of satellites, tracking stations, and receivers
Gravity model If the places are every large, they could have a ‘magnetic’ effect on one another pulling people from place to place. If the places are further apart, the gravitational pull will begin to drop off.
Hearth a place from which an innovation originates
Cultural hearth the area from which a culture originates from
Intervening opportunities an opportunity in-between destinations which allows you not to travel the full distance
Landscape all the visible features of an area of land
Natural landscape Landscapes that are unaffected by cultural influence
Built landscape is represented by features and patterns reflecting human occupation and use of natural resources
Cartography the science of map making
Ptolemy a Greek astronomer and geographer whose teachings influenced medieval thought and a geocentric view of the cosmos
Cartogram a map in which some thematic mapping variable is substituted for land area
Isoline map a map containing continuous lines joining all points of identical value
Mental map an internal representative of a portion of earth’s surface based on what an individual knows about a place, containing personal impressions of what is in a place and where places are located
Mercator straight meridians and parallels that intersect at right angles, used for marine navigation
Robinson distorts shape, area, scale, and distance in an attempt to balance the errors of projection properties
Node a point at which lines or pathways connect, a central or connecting point
Peripheral area Area with a low percentage of what you’re measuring
Place a specific point on earth distinguished by a particular character
Placelessness an object that does not have transversal context, and is usually not meant to have one
Possibilism Possibly the natural environment might control a societies ability to fully develop, but technology could assist the society to control the environment
Formal region A lot of people in that area have a trait in common that people outside of the area do not have
Functional region Within the region there is one or more headquarters (nodes) and people within the area are connected to the node
Perceptual/vernacular region No one can agree exactly where the region begins or ends, could probably agree on core areas but not peripheral areas
Remote sensing the acquisition of data about earth’s surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or other long-distance methods
Vernacular region a place that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity. These regions emerge from peoples informal sense of place rather than from scientific models
Site the physical characteristic of a place
Situation the location of a place relative to other places
Sustainability providing the best outcomes for human and natural environments both in the present and for the future
Space-time compression The reduction in the time it takes to diffuse something to a distant place, as a result of improved communications, transportation, and technology systems
Toponym the name given to a portion of Earth’s surface
Created by: jenna.l
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