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ANATOMIC TERMS

Regions, Areas, Planes, Cavities, Organ Systems etc

QUESTIONANSWER
MEDIAL Plane ? MIDDLE. Structure is nearer the Midline. The Heart is MEDIAL to the Humerus.
LATERAL Plane ? SIDE. Structure is Further from the Midline or at the Side of the Body. The Humerus is LATERAL to the Heart.
PROXIMAL ? NEARER MIDDLE. Nearer to a Point of Attachment of a Limb, or Origin of a Body Part. The Femur is PROXIMAL to the Fibula.
DISTAL ? FURTHER FROM THE MIDDLE. Further from a Point of Attachment of a Limb, or Origin of Body Part. The Fibula is DISTAL to the Femur.
ANTERIOR or VENTRAL ? FRONT. Part of the body being described is Nearer the Front of the Body. The Sternum is ANTERIOR to the Vertabrae.
POSTERIOR or DORSAL ? BACK. Part of the Body being described is Nearer the Back of the Body. The Vertebrae are POSTERIOR to the Sternum.
SUPERIOR ? UPPER. Structure Nearer the Head. The Skull is SUPERIOR to the Scapulae.
INFERIOR ? LOWER. Structure Further from the Head. The Scapulae are INFERIOR to the Skull.
CEPHALIC - Region ? HEAD
FRONTAL - Region ? FOREHEAD
OCCIPITAL - Region ? BACK OF HEAD
ORBITAL - Region ? EYE
NASAL - Region ? NOSE
ORAL - Region ? MOUTH
BUCCAL - Region ? CHEEK
CERVICAL - Region ? NECK
VERTEBRAL - Region ? SPINAL COLUMN
STERNAL - Region ? BREASTBONE
THORACIC - Region ? CHEST
MAMMARY - Region ? BREAST
AXILLARY - Region ? ARMPIT
BRACHIAL - Region ? ARM
ANTECUBITAL - Region ? Front of ELBOW
LUMBAR - Region ? LOIN / Lower Back
ABDOMINAL - Region ? ABDOMEN
INGUINAL - Region ? GROIN
SACRAL - Region ? Between the HIPS
GLUTEAL - Region ? BUTTOCK
PUBIC - Region ? GENITAL Area
PERINEAL - Region ? Betwwen the ANUS & the external GENITALLIA
CARPAL - Region ? WRIST
PALMAR - Region ? PALM
FEMORAL - Region ? THIGH
PATELLAR - Region ? Front of KNEE
POPLITEAL - Region ? Back of KNEE
CRURAL - Region ? LEG
TARSAL - Region ? ANKLE
PEDAL - Region ? FOOT
CALCANEAL - Region ? HEEL
PLANTAR - Region ? SOLE
DIGITAL - Regions ? FINGERS & TOES
HALLUX - Region ? Great / Big TOE
PERIPHERAL ? On the FRINGE
TRANSVERSE - Plane ? Situated, arranged or acting in a CROSSWISE direction.
INTERCOSTAL - Region ? Between the RIBS.
COELIAC - Region ? Affecting the ABDOMEN.
ILIAC - Region ? Of the LOWER body or ILIUM (small intestine)
RENAL - Region ? Concerning the KIDNEYS.
META ? Denoting Change of Position.
ARTICULATES ? Having Joints.
CRANIAL Region ? HEAD end of the Body.
PARIETAL - Tissue ? A MEMBRANE that Covers an Internal Body Wall.
VISCERRAL - Tissue ? A MEMBRANE that Covers an Organ.
SAGITTAL - Plane ? Plane that runs down through the body, dividing the body into Left & Right portions.
MIDSAGITTAL - Plane ? Runs through the MEDIAN Plane & Divides along the line of Symmetry.
PARASAGITTAL - Plane ? Is Parallel to Midline but does not divide into equal Left & Right portions.
FRONTAL or CORONAL - Plane ? Frontal, Runs Perpendicular to the Sagittal plane & Divides the body into Anterior & Posterior (front & back) portions.
TRANSVERSE - Plane ? HORIZONTAL plane that divide the body into Upper & Lower portions, also called Cross-Section.
SKELETAL System - Consists of ? Bones & Cartilage & Connective Tissues.
MUSCULAR System ? Striated Skeletal Muscle.
INTEGUMENTARY - Name the 5 Main Parts of the INTEGUMENTARY System ? (s,n,h,g,r) Skin, Nails, Hair, Glands in Nerve Endings, & Receptors in Skin. (skin nails hair to glam rocker)
NERVOUS - Name the 4 Parts of the INTEGUMENTARY System ? (b,sc,n,so) Brain, Spinal Cord, Nerves (ganglia) & Sensory Organs.
CIRCULATORY - Name the 3 Main Parts of the CIRCULATORY System ? (h,bv,b) Heart, Blood Vessels & Blood.
LYMPHATIC - Name the 6 Main Parts of the LYMPHATIC System ? (t,s,t,ln,lv,lf) Tonsils, Spleen, Thymus, Lymph Nodes, Lymphatic Vessels & Lymph Fluid.
DIGESTIVE - Name the 4 Main Parts of the DIGESTIVE System (e,s,s/li),& It's ACCESSORY ORGANS (sg,p,l,gb) Mouth, Esophagus, Stomach, Small & Large Intestine (all in Gastro-Intestinal Tract). ACCESSORY (or associated) ORGANS include Salivary Glands, Pancreas, Liver & Gallbladder.
RESPIRATORY, Name the 6 Main Parts of the RESPIRATORY System ? (n,p,l,t,b,l) Nose, Pharynx, Larynx, Trachea, Bronchi & Lungs. (nose please lead the bloody lungs)
URINARY - Name the 4 Main Parts of the URINARY System ? (k,u,b,u) Kidneys, Ureters, Bladder & Urethra.
ENDOCRINE - Name the 6 Main Parts of the ENDOCRINE System ? (p,t,p,ag,e,o,t) Pituitary, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Adrenal Glands, Endocrine portion of Pancreas, Ovaries & Testes (All Secreate Hormones into Blood).
REPRODUCTIVE, Name the 5 Female (o,ut,u,v,v) & 6 Male (t,sv,p,u,p,bg) Parts of the REPRODUCTIVE System ? Ovaries, Uterine Tubes, Uterus, Vagina & Vulva in Females. Testes, Seminal Vesicles, Penis, Urethra Prostate & Bulbourethral Glands in Male.
Name the 11 Organ systems of the body ? (s,m,i,n,c,l,d,r,u,e,r) Skeletal, Muscular, Intergumentary, Nervous, Circulatory, Lymphatic, Digestive, Respiratory, Urinary, Endocrine & Reproductive.
BODY CAVITIES - Name the 2 Cavities Contained in the Dorsal Cavity ? CRANIAL Cavity & SPINAL Cavity. CRANIAL Cavity Contains the Brain. SPINAL Cavity Contains the Spinal Cord, which is an extension of the Brain.
BODY CAVITIES - Name the 2 Cavities Contained in the VENTRAL Cavity ? Anterior surface of torso, divided by Diaphram Muscle into upper THORACIC Cavity & ABDOMINOPELVIC Cavity.
BODY CAVITIES - THORACIC Cavity ? And it's 8 Main Contents ? (t,b,l,e,h,tg,ln,n) The Chest. Contains - Trachea, Bronchi, Lungs, Esophagus, Heart(& it's Great Blood Vessels), Thymus Gland, Lymph Nodes & Nerves.
BODY CAVITIES - What are the 2 smaller THORACIC Cavitys ? PLEURAL Cavities surround each Lung. PERICARDIAL cavity contains the Heart. The Pleural Cavity surrounds both the Pleural & Pericardial Cavities.
BODY CAVITIES - ABDOMINOPELVIC Cavity ? Imaginary line that runs across Hipbones divides the body into the Abdominal & Pelvic Cavities.
BODY CAVITIES - What are the 2 ABDOMINOPELVIC Cavitys ? ABDOMINAL Cavity & PELVIC Cavity.
BODY CAVITIES - ABDOMINAL Cavity - Name the 6 Organs & Other Contents ? (s,l,g,p,s,k,i + o p) Stomach, Liver, Gallbladder, Pancreas, Spleen, Kidneys & Intestines (Small & Large), Ovaries (in female); Peritoneal Cavity (Peritoneum) Surrounds the Abdominal Organs.
BODY CAVITIES - PELVIC Cavity Contains ? (c,r,b,u) Colon, Rectum, Bladder (urinary) & Uterus (in females)
CAUDAL - Area ? Near or Towards the TAIL.
PRONE - Position ? Lying on the Stomach or FACE DOWN.
SUPINE - Position ? Lying on the Back, FACE UP.
SUPERFICIAL ? Near the SURFACE of the Body.
DEEP ? Farther from the surface of the Body.
FRONTAL Plane ? Divides the Body into a Front (Anterior) portion & a Rear (Posterior) portion.
SAGITAL Plane ? This Vertical Plane Divides the Body Lengthwise into Right & Left Sections.
TRANSVERSE - Plane ? Divides the body Horizontally, into Top (Superior) & Bottom (Inferior) portions.
The Body's 2 Major Portions ? AXIAL & APPENDICULAR.
AXIAL - Regions ? Head, Neck,Thorax & Abdomen.
APPENDICULAR Regions ? Arms & Legs.
ABDOMINOPELVIC Cavity - How Many Regions ? 6
ABDOMINOPELVIC Cavity - Name the 6 Regions ? (e,h,h,i,u,l) Epigastric, Hypochondriac, Hypogastric, Iliac, Umbilical & Lumbar. (eating honey helps insulate umbilical loop)
ABDOMINOPELVIC Region - Epigastric ? Above the Stomach & in the Central part of the Abdomen just Above the Navel.
ABDOMINOPELVIC Region - Hypochondriac ? Lies to the Right & Left of the Epigastric Region & just below the Cartilage of the Rib Cage.
ABDOMINOPELVIC Region - Hypogastric ? Below the Stomach & in the Central part of the Abdomen just below the Navel.
ABDOMINOPELVIC Region - Iliac ? Lies to the Right & Left of the Hypogastric Regions near the Hip Bones.
ABDOMINOPELVIC Region - Umbilical ? The Area around the Navel (the Umbilicus).
ABDOMINOPELVIC Region - Lumbar ? Froms the Region of the Lower Back to the Right & Left of the Umbilical region.
CHONDRAL - Tissue ? Cartilage.
Foramen ? Any Opening in the body.
Created by: Grendeloak