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med term

allopathy a therapeutic system in which a disease is treated by producing a second condition that is incompatible with or antagonistic to the first
barrier the limit to motion; the palpatory end-feel characteristics are useful
anatomic barrier limit of motion imposed by anatomic structure; limit of passive motion
elastic barrier the range between the physiologic and the anatomic barrier of motion in which passive ligamentous stretching occurs before tissue disruption
pathologic barrier a restriction of joint motion associated with pathologic change of tissues
physiologic barrier the limit to active motion
restrictive barrier a functional limit that abnormally diminishes the normal physiological range
biomechanics mechanical principles applied to the study of biological function from an application of mechanical principles.
body unity one of the basic tenets of ostepathic philsophy; the human being is a dynamic unit of function
extension accepted universal term for backward motion of the spine in a sagittal plane about a transverse axis; in a vertebral unit when the superior part. moves backward. In extremities, it is the straightening of a curve or angle (biomechanics).
flexion accepted universal term for forward motion of the spine, in its sagittal plane about a transverse axis, where the superior part moves forward.
homeostasis maintenance of static or constant conditions in the internal environment. the level of well-being of an individual maintained by internal physiologic harmony that is the result of a relatively stable state or equilibrium among the interdeperndent
kyphosis the exaggerated A-P curves of the thoracic spine with concavity anteriorly. Abnormally increased convexity in the curvature of the thoracic spine as viewed from the side
lordosis the anterior convexity in the curvature of the lumber and cervical spine as viewed from the side. Abnormally increased curvation ; saddle back
motion a change of position
motion a change of position with respect to a fixed system; an act or process of a body changing position in terms of direction, course, and velocity
neutral the range of sagittal plane spinal positioning in which the first principle of physiologic motion of the spine applies; point of balance of an articular surface from which all the motions take place
non-neutral the range of sagittal plance spinal positioning in which the second principle of physiologic motion of the spine applies
OMT guided forces by an osteopathic physician to improve physiologic function and support homeostasis that has been been altered by somatic dysfunction
osteopathic medicine complete system of medical care with a philosophy that combines the needs of the patient with the current practice. Interrelationship of structure and function; body's ability to heal himself.
DO fully licensed physician who can perform surgery/ prescribe meds. extra training to use hands to diagnose
osteopathic philosopy concept of health care supported by expanding scientific knowledge that embraces the concept of the unity of the living organism's structure and function. 1) human body is dynamic 2) body is self regulating 3) structure and function interrelated
osteopathic structural examination examination of a patient by an oseopathci practitioner with emphasis on the neuromusclosketel system including palpatory diagnosisfor somatic dysfunction and visc
plane a flat surface determined by the position of three points of space.
reflex an involuntary nervous system response to a sensory input.
rotation motion about an axis
sidebending movement in a coronal frontal plane about an anteriorposterior axis. also called lateral flexion, lateroflexion, or flexion right
somatic dysfunction inpaired or altered funtion of related components of the somatic system
TART mnemonic for four diagnostic criteria of somatic dysfunction: tissue texture abnormality, asymmtry, restriction of motion and tenderness, any one of which must be present for the diagnosis
Created by: kgb