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|two questions @ the heart of geographic inquiry?
|1. where are people/activities found on earth? 2. why are they found there?
|two broad categories in which geography is divided?
|1. human- study of where & why human activities are located where they are 2. physical- study of where & why natural forces occur as they do
|two main features of human geography in which our book is divided?
|human culture & human economy
|5 basic concepts geographers use to help explain the world?
|place, region, scale, space & connection
|specific point on eath distinguished by a particular character; occupies a uniqua location or position on earth
|are of eath distinguished by a distinctive combination of cultural & physical features
|relationship b/w the portion of eath being studied & earth as a whole
|refers to the physical gap or interval b/w two objects
|relationships among people & objects across the barrier of space.
|2D/flat-scale model of earth's surface
|science of map-making
|two people who have contributed two cartography & how?
|Aristotle- demonstrated that earth is spherical Eratosthenes- created the word "geography" & almost exactly calculated eath's circumference.
|define map scale.
|relationship of a feature's size on a map compared to on earth.
|map scale is represented in what 3 ways?
|fraction, ratio, written statement
|what is a large scale map?
|less area, more detail; county map
|what is a small scale map?
|more area, less detail; world map
|the scientific method of transferring locations on earth's surface to a flat map
|four types of distortion that can result in making a map of earth?
|shape, distance, relative size & direction
|more elongated or squat
|b/w two points, can be increased or decreased
|describe relative size.
|one area may appear larger than another on a map but in reality be smaller
|from one place to another, can be distorted
|define remote sensing.
|the aquisition of data about earth's surface from a satellite orbiting earth or from other long-distance methods
|define geographic information systems (GIS).
|computer system that can capture, store, query, analyze & display geographic data
|define global positioning system (GPS).
|system that determines accurately the precise position of something on earth
|four ways geograohers identify location.
|place name, site, situation & mathematical location
|define toponym & give an example.
|name given to a place on earth; Paulding County, GA
|define site and give an example.
|physical character of a place; climate
|define situation and gave an example.
|location of a place relative to other places; directions.
|arc drawn b/w north & south poles
|circle drawn around the globe parallel to equator, right angle to meridians
|number sustem that locates meridians
|merididna that passes through the Royal Observatory @ Greenwich, England, 0 long.
|Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)?
|time @ the prime meridian
|International Date Line?
|follows 180degrees; longitude (mostly)- when crossed: turn back one day if you are headed east, turn forward one day if you are headed west
|what is cultural landscape?
|a combination of cultural, economic & physical features
|how is cultural landscape related to refion?
|region drives its unified character from cultural landscape
|are w/in which everyone shares one or more distinct characteristics
|area organized around a node or focal point
|place that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity
|what is culture?
|the body of customary beliefs, material traits & social forms that form the tradition of a group of people
|two meanings of the latin word "cultus"? (meants to care for)
|to care about- to adore/worship something to take care of- to nurse or look after something
|what is cultural ecology?
|the geographic study of human- environment relationships
|idea from the 1900s concentrating on how the physical environment effected social development in a place (ex. hot weather makes people lazy)
|idea that physical environment may limit some actions, but people have the ability to adjust to their environment
|how have the Dutch modified their environment?
|polders- to reclaim land below Sealevel dikes- to hold back the North Sea from flooding much of the country
|piece of land that is created by draining water from an area.
|how have Floridians modified their environment?
|seawalls & jetties have been built to protect barrier islands, drained 1/3 of the everglades for national park and sugar cain production, built levees, canals, pumping stations to protect cities like Miami & sugar cain fields from flooding- DIDN'T WORK