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LOM ch 6

Suffixes and Digestive system

Abdominal Ultrasonography Sound waves beamed into the abdomen produce an image of abdominal viscera
Aphthous stomatitis Inflammation of the mouth with small, painful ulcers
Atresia Absence of a normal opening
Bariatric surgery Reducing the size of the stomach and diverting food to the jejunum
Biliary atresia Congenital hypoplasia or nonformation of bile ducts causes neonatal cholestasis and jaundice
Bronchiectasis Dilation of bronchial tubes
Bronchospasms Involuntary contraction of bronchi
Buccal Pertaining to the cheek
cecal volvulus Twisting of a part of the cecum upon itself
Celiac disease Autoimmune disorder of the small intestine; villi are damaged as a result of eating gluten
cheilosis Abnormal condition of the lip
Cholangitis Inflammation of bile vessels
Cholangiography X-ray examination of the colon and rectum obtained after injection of barium into the rectum
Cholangiopancreatography Xray examination after injection of contrast medium through and oral catheter and then passes through the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum and into bile ducts.
Cholycystolithiasis Abnormal condition of stones in the gallbladder
Choledochal Pertaining to the common bile duct
Cholelithiasis Abnormal condition of gallstones
Cholestasis Flow of bile form the liver to the duodenum is interrupted
Colectomy Removal of the colon
Colonoscopy Visual examination of the colon
Computed tomography A series of x-ray images are taken in multiple views (especially cross section)
Dentalgia Pain in a tooth
Duodenal Pertaining to the duodenum
Dysmenorrhea Painful menstration
Dyspepsia Difficult digestion
Dysphagia Difficult swallowing
Endoscopic ultrasonography Use of endoscope combined with ultrasound to examine the organs of the gastrointestinal tract
Esophageal atresia Closure of the esophagus
Gastric bypass Reducing the size of the stomach and diverting food to the jejunum
Gastroenteritis Inflammation of the stomach and the intestines
Gastrointestinal endoscopy Visual examination of the gastrointestinal tract using an endoscope
Gastrojejunostomy New opening between the stomach and the jejunum
Gastrostomy New opening of the stomach to the outside of the body
Gingivectomy Removal of gum tissue
Glossectomy Removal of the tongue
Glycongen Storage form of sugar
Hematemesis Bright red blood is vomited
Hemolysis Red blood cells are destroyed
Hemoptysis Spitting up blood from the respiratory tract
Hemorrhage Bursting forth of blood
Hemostasis Bleeding is stopped by mechanical or chemical means or by coagulation
Hepatomegaly Enlargement of the liver
Herniorrhaphy Suture of a hernia
Ileostomy New opening of the ileum to the outside of the body
Labiodental Pertaining to the lips and teeth
Laparoscopy Visual (endoscopic) examination of the abdomen with a laparoscope inserted through small incisions in the abdomen
Lipase Enzyme to digest fat
Liver biopsy Removal of liver tissue for microscopic examination
Liver function test Tests for the presence of enzymes and bilirubin in blood
Lower gastrointestinal series X-ray images of the colon and rectum obtained after injection of barium into the rectum
Lymphangiectasia Dilation of lymph vessels
Magnetic resonance imaging Magnetic waves produce images of organs and tissues in all three planes of the body
Menorrhagia Heavy discharge of blood during menstration
Nastogastric intubation Insertion of a tube through the nose into the stomach
Oropharynx The region of the throat, near the mouth
Palatoplasty Surgical repair of the palate
Pancreatic Pertaining to the pancreas
Paracentesis Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen
Periodontal membrane Membrane surrounding a tooth
Polyphagia Excessive appetite and uncontrolled eating
Proctosigmoidoscopy Visual examination of the anus and rectum
Proptosis Forward protrusion of the eye
Pyloric stenosis Narrowing of the pyloric sphincter
Pylorospasm Involuntary contraction of pyloric muscle
Rectal carcinoma Cancer of the rectum
Rhinoplasty Surgical repair of the nose
Sialadenectomy Removal of a salivary gland
Splenic flexure Area near the colon that bends down near the spleen
Steatorrhea Discharge of fat in feces
Stool culture Test for microorganisms present in feces
Stool guaiac Test to detect occult (hidden) blood in feces
Sublingual Beneath the tongue
Created by: mscardenas