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WVSOM Med Terms 2011

Appendix VII terms

abdomin/o abdomen
lapar/o abdominal wall
para- abnormal
epi-, super-, supra- above
trans- across
-ation, -esis action
adenoid/o adenoids
adren/o adrenal glands
post- after
anti-, contra- against
ger/a, ger/o, geront/o elderly or aged
aer/o, pneum/o air
alveol/o air sac
pan- all
alveol/o alveolus
amni/o amnion
tars/o ankle bone
an/o anus or rectum
aort/o aorta
append/o, appendic/o appendix
axill/o armpit
acr/o arms and legs
circum-, peri- around
arteriol/o arteriole
arter/o, ateri/o artery
arthr/o articulation or joint
ab-, ex- away from
dors/o back
retr/o backward
bacter/i, bacteri/o bacteria
dys-, mal- bad (difficult, poor)
ante-, pre-, pro- before
gen/o, -gen, -genic, -genesis, -genous beginning
poster/o, post-, retro- behind
ventr/o belly side
hypo-, sub-, infra- below or beneath
hypo- below normal
par-, para- beside
inter- between
supra- beyond
bil/i, chol/e bile
nat/i, nat/o birth
par/o birth/ give birth
-para woman who has given birth
melan/o black
cyst/o bladder, sac
hem/a, hem/o, hemat/o, emia blood
cyan- blue
corpor/o, som/a, somat/o body
oste/o bone
myel/o bone marrow or spinal cord
cerebr/o, encephal/o brain
mamm/o, mast/o breast
stern/o sternum (breastbone)
-pnea breathing
bronch/o, bronchi/o bronchi
bronchiol/o bronchiole
burs/o bursa
calcane/o calcaneus
calc/i calcium
lith/o, -lith calculus (mineral deposits, stone)
cancer/o, carcin/o cancer
carp/o carpus (wrist)
chondr/o cartilage
cec/o cecum
cyt/o, -cyte cell
cellul/o compartment or little cell
cerebell/o cerebellum
cerebr/o cerebrum
cervic/o cervix uteri
chem/o chemical
thorac/o chest
ped/o child (foot)
ment/o chin
clavicul/o clavicle
thromb/o blood clot (thrombus)
coccyg/o coccyx
cry/o cold
clavicul/o collarbone
col/o, colon/o colon
chrom/o color
choledoch/o common bile duct
-ia, -iasis, -osis, -y condition
home/o constant
-stasis controlling
kerat/o cornea
-spasm cramp
crani/o cranium
tom/o cut (to cut)
-tomy, -tome incision or cutting instrument used to cut
cyst/o cyst
necr/o death
-penia decreased or deficient
lys/o destruction
-lysin that which destroys
-lysis process of destroying
-lytic capable of destroying
-plasia development
dactyl/o digit (finger or toe)
-ectasia, -ectasis dilation
-rrhea discharge, flow
path/o, -osis, -pathy disease
lys/o dissolving
dist/o distant
diplo/o double
de- down
-ptosis drooping
pharmac/o, pharmaceut/i drugs, medicine
xer/o dry
vas/o duct, ductus deferens
duoden/o duodenum
dur/o dura matter
coni/o dust
ot/o ear
phag/o eat
electr/o electricity
embol/o embolus
-blast, blast/o embryonic form
fluor/o emitting or reflecting light
-ase enzyme
epiglott/o epiglottis
esophag/o esophagus
scop/o examine
-scope instrument used
-scopy process of examining
hyper-, super- excessive
-ectomy excision
acr/o extremities
opthalm/o eye
blephar/o eyelid
faci/o face
dist/o far
tachy- fast
adip/o, lip/o fat
-phobia abnormal fear
esthesi/o feeling or sensation
gynec/o female
femor/o femur
fet/o fetus
olig/o few
fibr/o fiber, fibrous
fibul/o fibula
pyr/o fire
primi- first
ichthy/o fish
follicul/o follicle
pro- for
-stomy formation of an opening
quadri-, tetra- four
de- from
anter/o front
myc/o fungus
chol/e gall
cholecyst/o gallbladder
gigant/o giant
aden/o gland
glomerul/o glomerulus
gonad/o gonad
eu- good
chlor/o green
-physis growth
gingiv/o gums
pil/o, trich/o hair
hemi-, semi- half
chir/o hand
scler/o, kerat/o hard, hardening
cephal/o head
audi/o hearing
cardi/o heart
therm/o heat
-rrhagia hemorrhage
-cele, herni/o hernia
crypt/o hidden
kerat/o horny tissue
humer/o humerus
ile/o ileum
ili/o ilium
immun/o immune
tom/o, -tomy incision
-tome instrument used for incision
-osis increase
seps/o, sept/o infection
infer/o inferior
-itis inflammation
phag/o, -phagia, -phagic, -phagy ingest
in-, en-, end-, endo- inside
insulin/o insulin
enter/o, intestin/o intestine
iod/o iodine
ischi/o ischium
jejun/o jejunum
sym-, syn- joined or together
-static keeping stationary
nephr/o, ren/o kidney
-cidal killing
patell/o kneecap
gigant/o, macro-, megalo-, -megaly large
col/o large intestine
laryng/o larynx
bi/o life or living
phot/o light
cheil/o lip
hepat/o liver
top/o position, location, place
lumb/o, lower back
pneumo-, pneumon/o, pulm/o, pulmon/o lung
lymph/o lymph
lymph/o, lymphat/o lymphatics
andr/o male, masculine
-sarcoma malignant tumor
multi-, poly- many
agora- marketplace
metr/o measure or uterine tissue
-meter instrument used to measure
-metry process of measuring
-iatrics, -iatric, -iatry, pharmac/o medicine
-eum, -ium membrane
mening/o meninges
medi/o, meso-, mid- middle
obstetr/o midwife
lact/o milk
ment/o, phren/o, psych/o mind
men/o month
hyper-, more than normal
or/o, stomat/o mouth
kinesi/o movement
muc/o, myx/ mucus
muscul/o, my/o muscle
onych/o, ungu/o nail
-stenosis narrowing
physi/o nature
par-, para-, proxim/o near
cervic/o neck
nerv/o, neur/o nerve
gli/o neuroglia
ne/o new
-stomy new opening
a-, an- no
nulli- none
norm/o, eu- normal
nas/o, rhin/o nose
a-, an-, in- not
troph/o, -trophy nutrition
-mania obsessive preoccupation
ger/o, geront/o old, elderly
uni-, mono- one
centi- one hundred, one-hundredth
milli- one-thousandth
-er, -ist one who
-logist one who studies
cirrh/o orange-yellow
genit/o, gon/o organs of reproduction
gen/o, -gen, -genic, -genesis origin
ex-, exo- out
ecto-, exo-, extra- outside
oophor/o ovary
ox/o oxygen
-algia, -dynia pain
dys- painful
pancreat/o pancreas
pleg/o, -plegia paralysis
parathyroid/o parathyroids
pelv/i pelvis
-esthesi/o, -esthesia perception
periton/o peritoneum
hidr/o perspiration
-ac, -al, -eal, -ic, -ous pertaining to
-logic, -logical pertaining to the science or the study of
phalang/o phalanges
pharyng/o pharynx
-lexia phrases
pituitar/o, hypophys/o pituitary
pleur/o pleura
tox/o, toxic/o poison
-iatrician practitioner
-mania preoccupation (excessive)
-ation, -esis process
-poiesis production
-ptosis prolapse
prostat/o prostate gland
prote/o, protein/o protein
pub/o pubis
py/o pus
radi/o radiant energy, radius
gram/o record (to record)
-graph process of recording
-gram the record
-graph recording instrument
rect/o rectum
erythr/o red
erythemat/o redness
-ectomy removal
pyel/o renal pelvis
plast/o repair surgically
gon/o reproduction
-oid resembling
-esis result of
retin/o retina
de- reversing
rheumat/o rheumatism
cost/o ribs
-rrhexis rupture
sacr/o sacrum
-ptosis sag
sial/o saliva, salivary glands
home/o sameness
scapul/o scapula (shoulder blade)
seb/o sebum
crin/o, -crine secrete
-lepsy seizure
aut/o self
semin/o semen
esthesi/o, -esthesia sensation
algesi/o sensitivity to pain
sept/o septum
later/o side
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
mono- single
super/o, super-, supra- situated above
infer/o, infra- situated below
cutane/o, derm/a, dermat/o, derm/o, -derm skin
crani/o scull
brady- slow
micro-, -ole small
enter/o small intestine
malac/o, -malacia soft, softening
ech/o, son/o sound
-ist specialist
phas/o speech
spermat/o sperm, spermatozoa
rach/i, rachi/o, spin/o, spondyl/o spine
splen/o spleen
schis/o, schiz/o, -schisis, schist/o split
amyl/o starch
gli/o sticky substance
-tropic stimulate
gastr/o stomach
lith/o, -lith stone
-stasis stopping
orth/o straight
-ectasia, -ectasis stretching
-logy study or science of
narc/o stupor
-poietin substance that causes production
glyc/o, glycos/o, -ose sugar
-tripsy surgical crushing
pex/o, -pexy surgical fixation
-centesis surgical puncture
-plasty surgical repair
-rrhaphy suture
-hidr/o sweat
-edema swelling
caud/o tail
coccyg/o tailbone
tars/o tarsals (ankle bones)
dacry/o, lacrim/o tear, tearing, crying
dent/i, dent/o, odont/o teeth
ten/o, tend/o tendon
orchi/o, orchid/o, test/o, testicul/o testis, testicle
-tropin that which stimulates
dips/o thirst
thorac/o thorax
tri- three
pharyng/o throat
dia-, trans- through
thyr/o, thyroid/o thyroid gland
tibi/o tibia
hist/o tissue
tom/o to cut
gloss/o, lingu/o tongue
tonsil/o tonsil
ad- toward
trache/o trachea
therapeut/o, -therapy treatment
dendr/o tree
onc/o, -oma tumor
di- twice
-spasm twitching
bi-, di- two
uln/o ulna
omphal/o umbilicus
sub- under
epi- upon (on)
super/o uppermost
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
ur/o urinary tract
urin/o urination
ur/o, urin/o urine
salping/o uterine tube
hyster/o, uter/o uterus
colp/o, vagin/o vagina
vag/o vagus nerve
phleb/o, ven/o vein
ventr/o ventral
venul/o venule
spondyl/o, vertebr/o vertebra
angi/o, vas/o, vascul/o vessel
viscer/o viscera
opt/o, optic/o, -opia, ocul/o vision
phon/o voice
-emesis vomiting
vulv/o vulva
hydr/o water
-asthenia weakness
alb/o, albin/o, leuk/o, leuc/o white
trache/o windpipe, trachea
intra- within
a-, an-, ex- without
-lexia words
roentgen/o x-ray
xanth/o yellow
ather/o yellow fatty plaque
Created by: calebbaxter09