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More Terminology

Definitions

More TermsDefinitions
contra- against
-algia pain
ambul/o walk
aque/o water
peri- around
-asthenia weakness, loss of strength
hem/o blood
encephal/o brain
circum- around
dendr/o branching
contus/o bruise
cephal/o head
cerebell/o cerebellum
cerebr/o cerebrum
convolut/o coiled & twisted
chrom/o colour
concuss/o shaken together
contra- opposite, against
core/o pupil
corne/o cornea
cortic/o cortex, outer region
crani/o cranium (skull)
-cusis hearing
athet/o uncontrolled
caus/o burning
anis/o unequal, dissimilar
ambly/o dull, dim
eti/o cause (of disease)
dors/o back
dacry/o tear, tear duct
scot/o darkness
necr/o death
-penia deficiency of ...
dendr/o branching
dys- painful, difficult, bad
-ectomy excision, removal
erythr/o red
hyper- excessive
exo- outward, outside
cortex outer region
medulla inner section
-glia neuroglial tissue - glue
cardi/o heart
hemat/o blood
-emia blood condition
hemi- one half
semi- one half
-esthesia feeling, sensation
-asthenia loss of strenght, weakness
epi- above, upon
fove/o pit
eso- inward
exo- outward
extra- outside
hist/o tissue
ger/o old age, aged
phoria- feeling (mental state)
ax/o mainstream
goni/o angle
glauc/o grey
dur/o dura mater
-cele hernia
-tomy incision, to cut
-tome instrument to cut
tom/o to cut
-scope instrument to view
irit/o iris
-itis inflammation
kinesi/o movement
irid/o iris
phac/o lens
-lepsy seizure
ir/o iris
phot/o light
leuk/o white
-malacia softening
-megaly enlargement
mening/o meninges
my/o muscle
neur/i nervous system, nerve
neur/o nerve, nerve root
ocul/o eye
ophthallm/o eye
-opia vision
kerat/o cornea, hard, horney
myc/o fungus
intra- within, in
sulc/o groove
-opsia vision
-osis abnormal condition
ot/o ear
cortex outer region
cortic/o cortex
exo- outside, outer
supra- over, above
ecto- outside, outer
-algia pain
para- beside, beyond
-plegia paralysis
synaps/o point of contact
-penia decrease deficiency
-pathy disease
-pexy surgical fixation
poli- grey matter
presby/o old age
-genesis production of ....
pseudo- false
-ptosis drooping, sagging
-ptysis spitting
core/o pupil
radicul/o nerve root
rube/o red
retin/o retina
scler/o sclera
-scope instrument for viewing
-scopy visual examination
-lepsy seizure
py/o pus
pinn/o external ear
somat/o body
-esthesia feeling, sensation
-phoria feeling (mental state)
scler/o white of eye, hardening
plex/o plexus, network
scot/o darkness
-brady slow
-phil love, attraction
concuss/o shaken together
cutane/o skin
sub- below, under
somn/o sleep
cost/o rib
comat/o deep sleep
dermat/o skin
gyr/o folding, turning
-tropia turning
con- together, with
dacry/o tears, tear duct
hypn/o sleep
-opia vision
ton/o pressure, tone
tars/o edge of eyelid
-stomy surgical opening
-somnia sleep
thalam/o thalamus chamber
ventricul/o ventricle
-cusis hearing (-cusia, audit/o, audi/o, acous/o, -acusis)
-acusia deafness
blephar/o eye lid
ophthalm/o eye
-glia glue, neuroglial tissue
glauc/o grey
-opia vision
meat/o meatus (opening)
ocul/o eye
hist/o tissue
-cision a cutting
synaps/o point of contact
sulc/o groove
-desis surgical fixation, fushion
circum-, peri- around
dendro/o branching
convolut/o coiled & twisted
contus/o bruise
core/o pupil
contra- against, opposite
athet/o uncontrolled
ambly/o dull, dim
eti/o cause (of disease)
concuss/o shaken together
dacry/o tear, tear duct
ax/o mainstream, axis
goni/o angle
-cele hernia, herniation
-kinesi/o movement
phac/o lens
phot/o light
myring/o ear drum
-malacia softening
neur/o nerve, nerve root
narc/o numbness, stupor
cortex outer region
presby/o old age
-ptosis drooping, sagging
-ptysis spitting
radicul/o nerve root
-oid resembling
-rrhaphy suture
-rrhea discharge, flow
-rrhagia, -rrhage bursting forth
-rrhexis rupture
-lepsy seizure
py/o pus
erythr/o red
erythem/o red
retin/o retina
dermat/o, cutane/o skin
somn/o, hypn/o sleep
myel/o spinal cord
sympath/o sympathetic nerve
syn- union, together, joined
-tropia turning
con- together
-tome instrument to cut
-tom to cut
asthenia- weakness, loss of strength
thalam/o thalamus chamber
ventricul/o ventricle
xanth/o yellow (lute/o, jaund/o)
-opia vision
Created by: Laurel3