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Chap 6 Abbreviations


alk phos alkaline phosphatase
ALT, AST alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase - enzymes measured to evaluate liver function
BE barium enema
BM bowel movement
BRBPR bright red blood per rectum - hematochezia
CT computed tomography
EGD esophagogastroduodenoscopy
ERCP endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
EUS endoscopic ultrasonography
FOBT fecal occult blood test
G tube gastrostomy tube; also called stomach tube and PEG tube - used to introduce nutrients into the stomach after insertion through the abdominal wall with laparoscopic instruments
GB gallbladder
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease
GI gastrointestinal
HBV hepatitis B virus
IBD inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis)
LAC laparoscopic-assisted colectomy
LFTs liver function tests - alk phos, bilirubin, AST, ALT
MRI magnetic resonnance imaging
NG tube nasogastric tube
NPO nothing by mouth (Latin: nil per os)
PEG tube percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube - feeding tube
PEJ tube perucutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy tube - feeding tube
PTHC percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography
PUD peptic ulcer disease
TPN total parenteral nutrition. Intravenous TPN solutions contain sugar (dextrose), proteins (amino-acids), electrolytes (sodium, potassium, chloryde), and vitamins
T tube tube place in the bile duct for drainage into a small pouch (bile bag) on the outside of the body
Created by: dgottofrey