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religion terms

QuestionAnswer
Kosher? Food prepared according to Jewish law.
Infidel? In the Moslem Tradition, one who is not a believer.
Mezzuzah? Box found on Jewish doorposts. It contains the Shema.
Tallith? Jewish prayer Shawl
Torah? The 'law'. The five books of Moses: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers & Deuteronomy.
Imberombera? In aboriginial tradition, the name given to the "mother from across the sea".
Kippah? It is a skull cap worn by Jewish males.
Hannukah? A Jewish festival of light which lasts eight days and symbolises the victory of God over evil. It commemorates time when Jews overcame their Syrian conquerors and restored the temple for worship.
Saul? The first King of Israel
Mitzvah? Jewish word for 'commandment'.
Shema? Jewish prayer. It is the first two verses of the Book of Deuteronomy: "Hear O Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord: And you should love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul and with all your might."
Tephillin? Leather boxes containing Torah scrolls that are attached to the arms and forehead by thin leather straps.
Exile? Period from 587BC to 537BC when the Jews were taken into captivity to Babylon.
David? The greatest king of Israel. Tradition says he wrote the Psalms.
Gentile? In Jewish tradition, this term refers to a non-jew.
Exodus? When Moses led the Hebrews out of slavery in Egypt.
Elders? Those in authority in aboriginal society.
Patriarchs? In Jewish tradition, refers to the 'great fathers' Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.
Chalah? The Sabbath loaf.
Solomon? The third king of Israel who built the first temple in Jerusalem and who was noted for his wisdom.
Rabbi? Jewish teacher of the law.
Mohel? Man who performs circumcision as part of the Jewish Brit Milah.
Menorah? Seven branched candlestick which is a symbol of Judaism.
Baime? In aboriginal tradition, the name given to an 'all father' being.
Allah? According to Islam, the supreme creator God.
Mosque? Islamic place of worship.
Umma? Islamic community; refers to the worldwide Muslim community.
Qu'ran? The sacred book of Islam.
Polytheism? The belief in many Gods or more than one.
Passover? Central Jewish festival. Commemorates liberation of hebrews from slavery in Egypt when they were led by Moses through the Red Sea. Commemorates their wondering in the desert for 40yrs and were given the law at Sinai. It is a celebration of the covenant.
Agnostic? a person who does not deny the existence of God but who believes it is not possible for human beings to prove the existence of a deity or to know about God.
Bar Mitzvah? Jewish term meaning 'son of the commandment'. When a Jewish boy is 13 he recieves full initiation into his religion and can read from the Torah. He is now an adult in religious matters.
Talmud? Collection of Jewish writings which originated as part of the oral tradition. Mainly the commentaries of rabbis on the Torah.
Culture? The accepted and traditionally patterned ways of behaving and a set of common understandings shared by members of a group or community.
Ancestor Beings? In aboriginal tradition beings who emerged from the land during the Dreaming. Their actionas shaped the land and differentiated creation. i.e. separated humans from animals and species from species. The places where they emerged became sacred sites.
Dreaming? Fundamental concept aboriginal religion and culture. Refers to primal creative time when the Earth was formed by ancestor beings, refers vital power that underpins present life and can be accessed through ritual sacred sites. Dreaming identity aboriginals
Torah? In Judaism this refers to 'the law' or the first five books of the hebrew scriptures which are traditionally the work of Moses. They are Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy.
Hadith? The traditional reports of what the Prophet Muhammad did and/or said. Second only to the Qu'ran in religious importance although there is no unanimity in the Muslim community about the authenticity of every Hadith.
Hajj? Annual pilgrimage to Makka in the month Dhu'l-Hijja required of all Muslims at least once in their lifetime if possible. Hajj is also the title of one who has made this pilgrimage.
Tawhid? In Islam it is the declaration of the unity of God-unity of Lordship: Allah is God of the universe-unity of worship: none has the right to be worshipped but Allah-unity is following allah's apostle.
Zakat? In Islam, the annual tax og 2.5 percent levied on wealth and distributed to the poor. Based on cash savings, gold, silver, jewellery, cattle and agricultural products.
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