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Med Term Ch 11-12

Med Term Final Ch 11 - 12

glomerul/o little ball, glomerulus
meat/o opening
nephr/o kidney
ren/o kidney
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
ur/o, urin/o urine
Urinary system Maintains purity by removing unwanted waste materials and recycling other material, filters the blood, removes metabolic waste, toxins, excess ions, and controls blood volume,
urinalysis (UA) using urine dipstick, microscopy to analyze urine
dysuria bad, abnormal, painful, burning with urination.
hematuria blood in urine
nocturia need to urinate frequently at night
polyuria excessive urination
cystitis inflammation of the urinary bladder (UTI)
incontinence inability to control urine
nephritis inflammation of the kidney
nephrolithiasis presence of stone, calculi within kidney
urinary tract infection (UTI) infection of the urinary organs (urethra, urinary bladder)
cystoscopy procedure in which an endocope is used to view the interior of the urinary bladder
hemodialysis a procedure in which blood is pushed through a permeable membrane (filter) within a machine to remove waste from the blood
lithotripsy a surgical technique that applies sound wave to dissolve stones into smaller pieces that may pass with urine
nephrology the study of the kidney
urinary catheterization a flexible tube that is inserted through urethra to enter urinary bladder
urologist a physician who specializes in diseases of the urinary system
gravid/o, gravidar/o pregnancy
men/o, menstru/o month, menstruation
orch/o, orchid/o testis
pen/o penis
prostat/o prostate gland
balanitis inflammation of the glans penis
benign prostatic hyperplasia enlargement of the prostate gland that may cause constriction of the urethra
cryptorchidism a condition of an undescended testis
prostate cancer aggressive tumor of the prostate that can cause urinary obstruction and spread to other organs
vasectomy a procedure in which the vas deferens is severed to block the flow of sperm
amenorrhea absence of menstrual discharge (menses)
dysmenorrhea abnormal pain during menstruation
cervial cancer malignant tumor of the cervix associated with human papillomavirus (HPV)
endometriosis A condition characterized by endometrial tissue outside of the uterus to other pelvic locations causing pain during menstruation
mastitis inflammation of the breast tissue
Pelvic inflammatory disease PID- inflammation involving some or all of the female reproductive organs usually caused by an STD
premenstrual syndrome PMS- a collection of symptoms, including nervous tissue, irritability, breast pain (mastalgia), edema, and headache.
dilation and curettage D&C- a procedure that is used for both diagnostic and treatment purposes in which a spoon shaped instrument called a curette is used to scrape the inner lining of the uterus
Pap smear diagnostic procedure that screens for precancerous cervical dysplasia and cervical cancer also known as Papanicolaou smear
tubal ligation female sterilization procedure in which the fallopian tubes are severed and closed
hyperemesis gravidarum symptoms of severe nausea and emesis during pregnancy
pseudocyesis a sensation of being pregnant when a pregnancy does not exist
Created by: bismark