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Circulatory Terms

Medical TermMeaning
myocardial infarction heart attack
atherosclerosis hardening of the arteries due to plaque build-up
ischemia lack of blood supply
hypoxia shortage of oxygen
angina pectoris chest pain due to oxygen shortage in the heart
embolism when an object migrates from one part of the body to another and causes blockage in a blood vessel
occlusion blockage
thromboembolism general term describing both thrombosis and its main complication embolisation
coagulation clotting of blood
hemostasis cessation of blood loss from a damaged vessel
lumen interior of a blood vessel; inner membrane space of a chloroplast, golgi apparatus, or mitochondrion
arteries bring oxygenated blood to tissues
capillaries connect arterioles and venules; blood vessels that most closely interact with tissues
veins bring deoxygenated blood back to the heart
arterioles extends and branches out from an artery and leads to capillaries
venules allows deoxygenated blood to return from the capillary beds to veins
endothelium layer of thin specialized epithelium, comprised of a simple squamous layer of cells that line the interior surface of blood vessels