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studyguide 3

Social Studies

Surplus An extra supply of somthing like crops that are not needed for food at that time
Drought a long period of dry weather
Who is Khufu A Egyptian pharaoh who built the Great Pyramid
Nile River The worlds largest river, which flows northward through east Africa
Nile Delta Very fertile flat land made of silt left behind when the Nile River drains
Mediterranean Sea A large almost land locked arm of the Atlantic ocean touching Europe, Asia, and Africa.
culture the way of life of a group of people at a particular time including their daily habits, beliefs and arts
Artifacts an object made by someone in the past
architecture The science of planning and constructing building
Civilization A culture that has developed systems of religion, learning, and government
Barter A kind of trade
Hieroglyphics The Egyptian system of writing that uses symbols
Rosetta Stone A stone that has three languages written in on it. It was used to help interpret hieroglyphics.
ziggurat A large Temple located in the center of ancient Sumerian cities.
Polytheism The belief in many gods
Monotheism The belief in one god
Abraham founder of Judaism
Code of laws A written set of laws that applies to everyone under government.
Hammurabi King of Babylonian creator of code of Hammurabi one of the oldest sets of laws.
city-state A self governing city with surrounding land and village.
Fertile Crescent A fertile region in southwest Asia including Mesopotamia.
Monk A man who devotes his life to a religious group.
Subcontinent a part of the world that is isolated from the rest of the continent.
Buddhism A religion founded in India by Siddhartha Gautama which teaches that the most important thing in life is to reach peace by ending suffering.
Siddhartha Gautama A India prince that became the founder of Buddhism.
Himalayas The highest mountain range in the world and northern border of India.
Indus river valley The birth place of India also a very fertile area where farming is good
Hindu Kush Mts. Forms part of the border of India
Pakistan A nearby country to India
Meji Restoration The overthrow of Japans shogun in 1868 and restoration of the power of the empire in Meji
emperor The supreme ruler of the empire
Archipelago A large group or chain of islands
Pearl Harbor A U.S. base in Hawaii that was bombed by Japan in 1941 causing the U.S. to enter World War II.
Legacies Anything handed down from the past.
specialization Training to do a particular kind of work.
Role of a pharaoh To run the country
Apartheid A government policy of strict and unequal segregation of the races as practiced in South Africa from 1948 to the early 1990's
Landscape of Greece mostly rocky land or plateaus
Oligarchy A type of government where small groups of citizens do decision making
Values of city of Sparta Good armies and strong people
Athenian VS U.S Only plebeians and patricians are citizens in Greece. Anyone born in the U.S. is a citizen of that country.
Olympics Originally was an athletic competition between city-states in ancient Greece.
Homer An ancient Greek poet
Alexander King of the Macedonia and conquered Greece, Persia, Egypt, and the Indus Valley
Aristotle Greek philosopher who was a private teacher of Alexander.
Socrates Greek philosopher who discussed laws, customs, and religion.
Republic A form of government in which citizens elect representatives to speak or act for them.
Plebeians and Patricians In Rome, plebeians were mostly farmers while patricians were nobles.
Julius Caesar The first Dictator of Rome, he was also murdered by a Senator.
Holocaust A deliberate killing of 6 million Jews by the Nazis during World War II solely because they were Jewish
Dictator A ruler that has abosle power
Adolf Hitler A German dictator who started world war 2
Technology The use of skills and tools to meet practical human needs
Pre-History vs History pre-history is the period before events were recorded in writing. History is the story or record of what happened in the past
specialization To pursue some special line of work
Apartheid Any system that separates people according to race or caste
Trial by jury A jury is a group of citizens to hear evidence and make a decision in a court of law.
Egypt contribution to our culture Geometry and basic math, use of paper
Mesopotamia-modern-day Iraq/Iran contributions to our culture Irrigation systems. Crop specialization.
India/Pakistan contributions to our culture People began growing rice. Buddhism.
China contribution to our culture Seismograph, porcelain, ink
Japan contribution to our culture Silk and government
Greece contribution to our culture Government, olympics
Rome contribution to our culture Government, architecture, law
Mediterranean Sea contribution to our culture Trade
Created by: petrawing1