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Brady Cpt 2

Brady 10th Terms

Reaction to stress that occurs during a stressful situation. acute stress reactions
The spread of an organism in aerosol form. airborne transmission
Pathogenic microorganisms that are present in human blood and can cause disease in humans. These pathogens include, but are not limited to, hepatitis B virus and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). bloodborne pathogens
The primary federal agency that conducts and supports public health activities in the United States. The CDC is part of the US Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
A disease that can be spread from one person or species to another. communicable disease
The presence of infectious organisms or foreign bodies on or in objects such as dressings, water, food, needles, wounds, or a patient's body. contamination
The tactical use of an impenetrable barrier for protection. cover and concealment
A process that confronts the responses to critical incidents and defuses them, directing the emergency services personnel toward physical and emotional equilibrium. critical incident stress management (CISM)
Prolonged or excessive stress. cumulative stress reactions
Reaction to stress that occurs after a stressful situation. delayed stress reaction
The individual in the department who is charged with the responsibility of managing exposures and infection control issues. designated officer
Exposure or transmission of a communicable disease from one person to another by physical contact. direct contact
A situation in which a person has had contact with blood, body fluids, tissues, or airborne particles in a manner that suggests disease transmission may occur. exposure
The contamination of food or water with an organism than can cause disease. foodborne transmission
The body's response to stress that begins with an alarm response, followed by a stage of reaction and resistance, and then recovery or, if the stress is prolonged, exhaustion. general adaptation syndrome
Inflammation of the liver, usually caused by a viral infection, that causes fever, loss of appetite, jaundice, fatigue, and altered liver function. hepatitis
The organism or individual that is attacked by the infecting agent. host
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is caused by HIV, which damages the cells in the body's immune system so that the body is unable to fight infection or certain cancers. human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
The body's ability to protect itself from acquiring a disease. immune
Exposure or transmission of disease from one person to another by contact with a contaminated object. indirect contact
The abnormal invasion of a host or host tissues by organisms such as bacteria, viruses, or parasites, with or without signs or symptoms of disease. infection
Procedures to reduce transmission of infection among patients and health care personnel. infection control
A medical condition caused by the growth and spread of small, harmful organisms within the body. infectious disease
The federal regulatory compliance agency that develops, publishes, and enforces guidelines concerning safety in the workplace. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
A microorganism that is capable of causing disease in a susceptible host. pathogen
Clothing or specialized equipment that provides protection to the wearer. personal protective equipment (PPE)
A delayed stress reaction to a prior incident. This delayed reaction is often the result of one or more unresolved issues concerning the incident. posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Protective measures that have traditionally been developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for use in dealing with objects, blood, body fluids, and other potential exposure risks of communicable disease. standard precautions
The way in which an infectious disease is spread: contact, airborne, by vehicles, or by vectors. transmission
The use of an animal to spread an organism from one person or place to another. vector-borne transmission
Created by: fishanater