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A&P II Final Exam

A&P II Final Ch 11,12, 13, 15, 18

This organ in the eye can change shape to allow light to focus on the retina lens
The main function of the cardiovascular system is: to transport oxygen and nutirents, and get rid of carbon dioxide and waste products
The heart has _____ chambers 4
The two superior chambers of the heart are called: atria
The two inferior chambers of the heart are called: ventricles
There are ____ valves in the heart 4
The ________ divides the right side of the heart from the left side Septum
The valve found between the right atrium and right ventricle is known as: the tricuspid valve
The valve found in the pulmonary artery is known as: Pulmonary valve
The valve found between the left atrium and left ventricle is known as: mitral valve
The valve found within the aorta is known as: aortic valve
The arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle are known as the: coronary arteries
six small muscle connect the eyeball to the orbit known as: extreocular muscles
This membrane covers eye ball on the the outside conjunctiva
Tears have to major functions: 1)antiseptic 2) lubrication
The anterior chamber of the eye contains fluid called Aqueous humor
The posterior chamber contains fluid called: Vitreous humor
The outer most layer of the eyes (white part of eyes) is known as: sclera
This tissue is found in the inner lining of the eye, contains rods and cones: retina
inflammation of membrane that lines eye is known as conjunctivitis
causes of conjunctivitis include bacterial, viral, allergens
conjunctivitis with clear discharge is suggestive of: viral conjunctivits
conjunctivitis with purulent discharge is suggestive of: bacterial conjunctivitis
clouding of the lens caused by accumulation of protein is known as: cataracts
Causes of cataracts include: diabetes, congenital, aging, trauma
increased pressure in fluid of eye is known as: glaucoma
The Functions of the liver are: detoxify drugs/alcohol, produce plasma proteins (albumin), clotting factors, cholesterol, bile, sotes energy (gylcogen), produce heat
The functions of the gall bladder is: to store bile and excrete it when needed to help digest fats (emulsifies fats)
The small intestine is divided into 3 segments which are: duodenum, jejunum, ileum
The purpose of the villi is to: increase the surface area of the inside of the small intestine
The functions of the colon are: absorb water, electrolytes, package/compact feces, absorbe vitamins produce by the colonic bacteria (Vit K)
This hormone causes the gall bladder to contract and release bile CCK (cholecystokinin)
This condition is caused by an incompetent lower esophageal sphincter that causes the reflux of stomach acid GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease)
This enzyme helps digest proteins peptidase
This enzyme helps digest fats lipase
The organs found in the digestive system from superior (mouth) to most inferior (anus) are: orol cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon, sigmoid, rectum, anal canal, anus
The accessory organs of the digestive system include: gallbladder, liver, pancreas
A condition characterized by a deficiency of lactase enzyme, abdominal pain, cramps, bloating, diarrhea, foul flatulence is known as: Lactose intolerance
Treatments for lactose intolerance: avoid dairy products, consume lactose free products, lactase enzyme
colorectal cancer risks factors are: high fat diet, low fiber diet, smoking, alcohol, genetics, family history
Recommended screening for colon cancer by the United States Preventive Surfaces Tasks Force (USPSTF) start at age 50 with annual FOBT, and colonoscopy every 10 years
forensic sicience is the application of science to law
fingerprints are formed by: pulling of the elastic fibers in the skin that occurs in the womb
polypharmacy is considered by many authors to be defined as: 5 or more medications for 2 or more conditions simultaneously
rigor mortis sets in at: begins at 2 hours, and peaks around 6-12 hours
DNA can be extracted from: any tissue including hair, skin...etc.
This tissue acts like a time line for chemical exposure hair
urination, ejaculation, or fecal discharge is a common finding after death caused by: relaxation of the sphincters
General steps of digestion include: ingestion, mastication, digestion, secretion, absorption, excretion (defacation)
the function of the uvula is: to direct food down the pharynx (prevents it for going up into nasopharynx
The regions of the stomach are: cardia, fundus, body, pylorus
This phincter controls how fast food moves in the small intestin from the stomach pyloric sphincter
Parietal cells in the stomach produce: HCL (digests connective tissue)
Cheif cells in the stomch produce: pepsinogen (digests proteins)
Mucous cells in the stomch produce: alkaline mucu (protects the inner lining of the stomach)
The 3 phases of gastric juice production is: cephalic phase, gastric phase, intestinal phase
GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease)is caused by: excessive stomach acid production, and or incompetent (dysfunctional lower esophageal sphincter) that may be triggered by certain foods
Foods that trigger acid reflux: caffeine, chocolate, ETOH, spicy foods, citric juices, soda, fatty food
Peptic ulcer is defined as: breakdown of the mucosal membrane (inside lining of the esophagus, stomach, small intestine.
This bacteria is commonly associated with peptic ulcers: H. pylori
the appendix is attached to: cecum of the colon
Most common cause of appendicitis fecal impactation of the inside lumen of the appendix
name of the procedure to remove appendix: appendectomy
Lipase produced by small intestine and pancrease is needed for: digestion of fats
Peptidase is produced by the small intestine and is needed for: digest proteins
These structure help increase the surface area of small intestine: villi not cilia
Created by: bismark