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Chapter 30 Africa/ME

Africa and the Middle East since WWII

QuestionAnswer
Nationalist leader who changed the name of the Gold Coast to Ghana Kwame Nkrumah
Policy of strict racial separation in South Africa where the white minority ruled over the black majority Apartheid
Small plots of land in South Africa under apartheid that were very poor where blacks were relocated to. Homelands
Anti-apartheid leader who was imprisoned for 27 years. Became the symbol of the anti-apartheid movement and the 1st black president of South Africa. Nelson Mandela
Nationalist leader of Kenya Jomo Kenyatta
Movement for unity among all Africans. Pan-Africanism
Product that is grown for sale rather than for feeding the population (example: tobacco) cash crop
The spread of this disease has crippled sub-Saharan Africa HIV/AIDS
Loyalty to one's tribe rather than to the group (a reason for so much ethnic conflict in Africa) tribalism
Location of the genocide in 1994 where the Hutu majority slaughtered the Tutsi minority Rwanda
Region of the Sudan where African tribal groups are targeted by the janjaweed militias supported by the Arab government headquartered in Khartoum. Darfur
Organization in South Africa whose original purpose was to end apartheid African National Congress
Movement to create a Jewish Homeland in Palestine Zionism
Oil cartel mostly responsible for the price of oil. OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries)
War between Israel and its neighbors that resulted in the tripling of the size of Israel Six-Day War
Agreement in which Egypt became the first Arab nation to recognize Israel's "right to exist" Camp David Accords
Islamic movment to return to the "traditional" practices of Islam and "traditional" interpretations of the Quran. Often leads to a decrease in the rights of women. Examples: Iranian Revolution in 1979 and the Taliban in Afghanistan. Islamic Fundamentalism
System designed to limit the movement of black South Africans under apartheid Pass system
Incident where South African police shot into a crowd of anti-pass protesters. Sharpeville massacre
Created by: mrfordglobal