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MCHS AP Human Geo1

Unit 1: Nature and Perspectives

Sequent Occupance The theory that societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, which contributes to the cumulative cultural landscape. It symbolizes how humans interact with their surroundings.
Cultural Landscape The fashioning of a natural landscape by a cultural group. How humans interact with nature
Arithmetic Density Total number of people/total land area
Physiological Density Number of people per unit of arable land
Hearth The region where innovative ideas start. Relates to diffusion
Diffusion The process or spread of a feature or trend from one place to another over time
Relocation Diffusion Spread of an idea through the physical movement of people from one place to another (spreading of AIDS from NY, CA, FL)
Expansion Diffusion Spread of a feature from one place to another in a snowballing process
Hierarchal Diffusion Type of expansion diffusion. Spread of one idea from persons or notes of authority or power to another person or places (hip-hop/rap music)
Contagious Diffusion Type of expansion diffusion. Rapid, widespread diffusion of a characteristic throughout the population (ideas on internet)
Stimulus Diffusion Spread of an underlying principle, even though a characteristic may fail to diffuse (PC and Apple Competition)
Absolute Distance Exact measurement of the physical space between two places
Relative Distance Approximate measurement of the physical space between two places
Distribution Arrangement of something across Earth's surface
Environmental Determinism 19th-20th century approach to human geography. Argued that the general laws of human geography can be found in physical sciences
Absolute Location Position on Earth's surface using the coordinate system of longitude (North and South) and latitude (East and West).
Relative location Position of Earth's surface relative to other features (Richmond is south of Lexington)
Site Physical character of a place; what is found and why it's significant
Situation Location of a place relative to other places
Space/Time Compression Reduction in the time it takes to diffuse something to a distant places, as a result of improved communications and transportation systems
Friction of Distance Notion that distance usually requires some amount of effort, money, energy to overcome. States that the quantity of interaction will decline with distance
Distance Decay The farther away one group is from another, the less likely the two groups are to interact
Networks Interconnected notes without a center
Connectivity Relationships among people and objects across a barrier of space
Accessibility The degree of ease with which it is possible to reach certain location from other locations
Space Physical gap/interval between two objects
Spatial Distribution Physical location of a geographic phenomena across space
Size Estimation or determinism of extent
Scale Representation of a real-world phenomena at a certain level of reduction or generalization. Usually refers to the measurement ratio on a cartographic map
Formal Region Area within which everyone shares at least one common characteristic (language, religion, etc)
Functional Region Area organized around a node or focal point. Tied to the central point by transportation or communication systems or by economic or functional associations.
Vernacular Region Place that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity. (referred to as a mental map)
Possibilism The physical environment may limit some human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to their environment.
Pattern Common property of distribution. Can be geometric, irregular, linear
Place Name Toponym
Created by: hayhay543
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