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# ADV.D05 Biohzd

# ADV.D05 Biohazard

QuestionAnswer
Puncturing the calcaneus bone of an infant can cause: Osteomyelitis
If the patient is allergic to isopropyl alcohol you can use: Zephiran chloride or povidone-iodine
If the patient is allergic to iodine you can use: 70% isopropyl alcohol Zephiran chloride
Another name for zephirian chloride is: chlorohexidine gluconate
PPE stands for Personal Protective Equipment
OSHA stands for: Occupational Safety and Health Administration
The employer must provide safety equipment to the employees. This is regulated by: OSHA
The CDC is involved with: Prevention of the spread of infectious disease.
The motion you use to apply antiseptic on a patient is: Circular fashion moving outward from the puncture site
According to CLSI, an adult capillary lancet should puncture no deeper than _____ 2.5mm 2.5
Why is reverse isolation used? This protects patients that are highly susceptible to infectious disease.
What does immunocompromised mean? The immune system is suppressed due to a health condition or immune disease.
Nosocomial means: An infection obtained within the hospital. The patient did not have the infection upon admittance to the hospital.
Bacteremia means: The presence of bacteria in the blood.
Sepsis means: Infection in the blood. A condition in which there are signs of bacteria in the blood. (Fever, chills, high WBC count)
Standard Precautions is used to: Prevent the spread of infectious disease
When drawing blood, when does the phlebotomist have to wash their hands. Before and after each patient.
What are the modes of transmission? Airborne, vehicle (food & water), Vector (animal/insect), Direct (touching), Fomite (instruments and objects)
What is the best way to prevent the spread of infection Hand washing and proper use of PPE.
A patient is in a room that is respiratory isolation. Your PPE would be: Gown, gloves, mask
A patient is in the hospital with an airborne disease like H1N1 flu. What PPE would you use? Gown, gloves, N95 respirator
Most healthcare exposures to HIV are caused by: Needlestick
A PPD test is a screening for: Tuberculosis
If a phlebotomist sustains a needle stick they should: 1. Wash the site 2. Report the incident 3. Obtain a free medical evaluation 4. Obtain post exposure monitoring
The virus that is most prevalent in the healthcare setting is: HBV
The virus that causes AIDS is: HIV
Which virus should all healthcare workers be immunized against? HBV
Is there a vaccination protocol for HIV NO
The virus that causes AIDS is: HIV
HIV stands for: Human Immunodeficiency Virus
The practice of Standard Precautions is designed to: Break the chain of infection through hand washing, and use of PPE.
Pathogens are: Infectious microorganisms that can cause disease.
A bloodborne microorganism can be transmitted through The blood.
Which government organization enforces Standard precautions OSHA
It should be assumed that all blood and body fluid specimens are: Capalbe of transmitting infectious disease
The blood cells that protect against infection are the: White Blood Cells
Blood cultures are ordered in cases where the patient experiences: A fever spike of unknown origin. (FUO)
What is another name for povidone iodine? Betadine
What is the antiseptic prep before drawing blood cultures: 1. Apply 70% isopropyl alcohol – 60 seconds. 2. Apply Betadine (chlorohexidine gluconate for pts. allergic to iodine) – 30 seconds. Antiseptics are applied with a circular motion, moving outward from anticipated puncture site
Created by: rjmtoss