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APHG Chapter 3

Movement

QuestionAnswer
Cyclic movements movement--for example--nomadic migration--that has a closed route and is repeated annually or seasonally
Periodic movements movement--for example, college attendance or military service--that involves temporary, recurrent relocation
Remittances money migrants send back to family or friends in their home countries; forms a large part of the economy in many poorer countries
Migration a change in residence intended to be permanent.
Activity spaces the spaces within which daily activity occurs
Nomadism movement among a definite set of places-often cyclic
Migrant labor a common type of periodic movement involving millions of workers in the U.S. and 10s of millions of workers worldwide who cross international borders in search of employment and become immigrants, in many instances
Transhumance a seasonal periodic movement of pastoralists and their livestock between highland and lowland pastures
Military service another common form of periodic movement involving as many as 10 million U.S. citizens in a given year, including military personnel and their families, who are moved to new locations where they will spend tours of duty lasting up to several years
International migration human movement involving movement across international boundaries
Forced migration human migration flows in which the movers have no choice but to relocate
Voluntary migration movement in which people relocate in response to perceived opportunity, not because they are forced to move
Laws of migration five laws that predict the flow of immigrants developed by British demographer Ernst Ravenstein
Gravity model a mathematical prediction of the interaction of places, the interaction being a function of population size of the respective places and the distance between them
Push factors negative conditions and perceptions that induce people to leave their abode and migrate to a new locale
Pull factors positive conditions and perceptions that effectively attract people to new locales from other areas
Distance decay the effects of distance on interaction, generally the greater the distance the less interaction
Step migration migration to a distant destination that occurs in stages
Intervening opportunity the presence of a nearer opportunity that greatly diminishes the attractiveness of sites farther away
Deportation the act of a gov't sending a migrant out of its country and back to the migrant's home country
Kinship links types of push factors or pull factors that influence a migrant's decision to go where family or friends have already found success
Chain migration pattern of migration that develops when migrants move along and through kinship links
Immigration wave phenomenon whereby different patterns of chain migration build upon one another to create a swell in migration from one origin to the same destination
Explorers people examining a region that is unknown to them
Colonization physical process whereby the colonizer takes over another place, putting its own gov't in charge and either moving its own people into the place or bringing in indentured outsiders to gain control of the people and the land
Regional scale interactions occurring within a region, in a regional setting
Islands of development places built up by a gov't or corporation to attract foreign investment and which have relatively high concentrations of paying jobs and infrastructure
Guest workers legal immigrant who has a work visa, usually short term
Refugees people who have fled their country because of political persecution and seek asylum in another country
Internal displaced person people who have been displaced within their own countries and do not cross international borders as they flee
Asylum shetler and protection in one state for refugees of another state
Repatriation a refugee or group of refugees returning to their home country, usually with the assistance of government or a non-governmental group
Genocide the deliberate and systematic destruction, in whole or in part, of an ethnic, racial, religious, or national group
Immigration laws laws and regulations of a state designed specifically to control immigration into that state.
Quotas established limits by governments on the number of immigrants who can enter each country every year
Selective immigration process to control immigration in which individuals with certain backgrounds are barred from immigrating
Created by: TarnishedRoses
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