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APHG: Chapter 1

Geography: Its Nature and Perspectives

- geometric surface of the earth Space
- fourth theme of geography, meaning uniqueness of a location Place
- state of mind derived through the infusion of a place with meaning and emotion by remembering important events that occurred in that place or by labeling a place with a certain character Sense Of Place
a place name Toponym
- third theme of geography; an area on the Earth's surface marked by a degree of formal, functional, or perceptual homogeneity of some phenomenon Regions
- the succession of groups and cultural influences throughout a place's history Sequent Occupancy
- relationship of an object or place to the earth as a whole Scale
- ratio of distance on a map and distance in the real world in absolute terms Map Scale
- an area of bounded space that posses some homogeneous characteristic or uniformity Formal Regions
- nodal regions; areas that have a central place or node that is the focus or point of origin that expresses some practical purpose Functional Regions
- based upon the perception or collective mental map of the region's residents Vernacular Regions
- defines a point or place on the map using coordinates such as latitude and longitude Absolute Location
- place compared to a known place or geographic feature Relative Location
- used to determine location of things by measurement of the angular distance in degrees, east or west, from the Prime Meridian Longitude
- used to measure distance in degrees north or south from the equator Latitude
- a place's relationship to other known geographic features or places Relative Location
- physical characteristics of a place Site
- a place's interrelatedness with other places Situation
- states that all places are interrelated, but closer places are more related than further ones Tobler's Law
- decreased time and relative distance between places Space-Time Compression
- core of the urban landscape; a country's capital is the core of its political landscape CBD (central business district)
- grouped together on the Earth's surface Cluster
- clustering that occurs purposefully around a central point or an economic growth pole Agglomeration
- natural land scape features to divide land on this survey pattern system Metes & Bounds
- a rectilinear survey system based upon lines of latitude and longitude; block-shaped property lines Township & Range
-survey patterns with a narrow frontage along a road or waterway with a very long shape behind Long-Lots
- number of things per square unit of distance Arithmetic Density
- number of people per square unit of land actively under cultivation Agricultural Density
- number of people per square unit of arable land Physiologic Density
- to spread across the Earth's surface Diffuse
- point of origin or place of innovation Hearth
Created by: sumaiyah17
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