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Chapter 6 KTs

Chapter 6 Keyterms Rubenstein

A literal interpretation and a strict and intense adherence to basic principles of a religion Fundamentalism
The name given to a follower of a polytheistic religion. It is derived from the Latin word that means "countryside". Pagan
A religion that appeals primarily to one group of people living in one place Ethnic religion
A religion/philosophy based on the teachings of Lao-Tse. It is translated as "the way" and emphasizes living in harmony with the life force/energy that exists in all things Daoism
The religion of 1.3 billion people; predominantly in the Middle East, from North Africa to Central Asia Islam
A religion/philosophy that promotes the teachings of Confucius. Confucianism
An ethnic religion of Japan that teaches that all forces of nature are divine. Shintoism
The belief in the existence of many gods. Polytheism
A religion that attempts to be global, or to appeal to all people wherever they may live in the world, not just to those of one culture or location. Universalizing religion
A universalizing religion with 2 billion adherents; it has the widest distribution of followers. Christianity
The belief that there is only one God Monotheism
The belief that objects such as stones, plants and other natural phenomena have discrete sprits and conscious life Animism
A monotheistic religion that is the foundation for Christianity and Islam. Its followers are found mainly in the U.S., Israel and Europe Judaism
A large and fundamental division within a religion Branch
A city or neighborhood where a group of people is forced to live; either by choice or necessity. Ghetto
A journey for religious purposes to sacred places. Pilgrimage
The religion with the third largest following. Its 400 million adherents are found primarily in China and Southeast Asia. Buddhism
A division of a branch that unites a number of local congregations in a single legal and administrative body. Denomination
Religions with a well-defined geographic structure where administrative units are organized by territories Hierarchical religion
Religions that are largely independent and self-sustaining. Interaction among communities is confined to little more than loose cooperation and shared ideas. Autonomous religions
A distinct hereditary order into which a Hindu was assigned according to religious law. Caste system
A relatively small group that has broken away from an established denomination Sect
Individuals who help transmit a universalizing religion through relocation diffusion. Missionaries
A set of religious beliefs concerning the origin of the universe. Cosmogony
A basic unit of geographic organization in the Roman Catholic church. A bishop is the administrative leader over these areas. Diocese
Created by: Bramble