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# Chapter 1 KTs

### Chapter 1 Key Terms Rubenstein

The rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population. Contagious diffusion
A square normally one mile on a side. The land ordinance of 1785 divided townships in the united states into 36 of these Section
The spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another Relocation diffusion
The position of anything on earthâ€™s surface Location
An arc drawn on a map between the north and south poles Meridian
The ratio of number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture Agricultural density
An arc that for the most part, follows 180 degrees longitude. It deviates in several places to avoid dividing land areas. When you cross it heading east the clock moves back 24 hours or one entire day. When you go west the calendar moves ahead one day. International Date Line
An area that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity Vernacular region
Actions or processes that involve the entire world and result in making something worldwide in scope. Globalization
Generally, the relationship between the portion of earth being studied and earth as a whole, specifically the relationship between the size of an object on a map and the size of the actually feature on earths surface Scale
The geometric or regular arrangement of something in a study area. Pattern
The total number of people divided by the total land area Arithmetic density
The physical character of a place Site
The arrangement of something across the earth's surface Distribution
A system that determines the precise position of something on Earth through a series of satellites, tracking stations, and receivers. Global Positioning System
A system that determines the precise position of something on Earth through a series of satellites, tracking stations, and receivers. Global Positioning System
A two-dimensional, or flat, representation of earth's surface or a portion of it. Map
A north-south line designated in the Land Ordinance of 1785 to facilitate the surveying and numbering of townships in the United States Principal meridian
The process of spreading a feature or trend from one place to another over time Diffusion
The name given to a portion of Earth's surface Toponym
The numbering system used to indicate the location of parallels drawn on a globe and measuring distance north and south of the equator. Latitude
The meridian, designated as zero degrees longitude, that passes through the Royal Observatory at Greenwich, England Prime Meridian
The spread of a feature or trend among people from one area to another in a snowballing process Expansion diffusion
A specific point on Earth distinguished by a particular character Place
The spread of a feature or trend from one key personor node of authority or power to other persons or places. Hierarchical diffusion
The frequency that something exists within a given unit of area. Density
Geographic approach that emphasizes human-environment relationships Cultural ecology
The reduction in the time it takes to diffuse something to a distant place, as a result of improved communications and transportation systems Space-time compression
The diminishing importance of and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin. Distance decay
The acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satelite orbiting the planet or other long distance methods Remote sensing
The location of a place relative to other places Situation
The science of map making Cartography
The numbering system used to indicate the location of meridian drawn on a globe and measuring distance east and west of the prime meridian. Longitude
The number of people per unit of area of arable land, which is land suitable for agriculture Physiological density
The spread of an underlying principle, even though a specific characteristic is rejected Stimulus diffusion
A circle drawn around the globe parallel to the equator and at right angles to the meridians. Parallel
The region from which innovative ideas originate Hearth
The time in that time zone encompassing the prime meridian, or 0 degree longitude Greenwich Mean Time
The system used to transfer locations from Earth's surface to a flat map Projection
An east-west line designated under the Land Ordinance of 1785 to facilitate the surveying and numbering of townships in the United States Baseline
An arc that for the most part follows 180 degrees longitude but deviates in several places to avoid dividing land areas. When crossing the international date line heading east the clock moves back 24 hours. When you go west the calendar moves ahead 24hrs. Land Ordinance of 1785
An area distinguished by a unique combination of trends or features Region
The theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives Possibilism
Created by: Bramble

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