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Colonization: S. Am.

Terms related to colonization of western hemisphere

MERCANTILISM an economic policy where the mother country had a favorable balance of trade (made more money) with its colonies. *Mother country makes money!
colonize people from one country settle and build villages, cities in a new land.
CONQUISTADORS the Spanish explorers who conquered the Americas (ex. Pizzaro, Cortes)
COLOMBIAN EXCHANGE transfer of plants, animals and diseases that occurred between Europe and the "New World"
FAVORABLE BALANCE of TRADE when a country sells more goods to other countries than it buys from other countries
ENCOMIENDA SYSTEM Spanish plantation (big farms) systems where Native American and Africans worked for Spanish owners
CREOLE in Spanish encomienda system, a colonist who was born in Latin America to Spanish parents
MESTIZO a person from South American with Spanish and Native American parents American ancestry
MULATTO a person from South America with Spanish and African parents
Peninsulares Spanish colonist who owned large farms - highest social class in encomienda system
colonies villages and cities on one land that another country controls
triangular trade goods from Europe to Africa then slaves from Africa to the Americas. Crops from America sent to Europe.
God, Gold, Glory 3 things that caused Europeans to explore the Americas.
Created by: jenzabenz