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LOM Ch 11 Vocab


arrythmias abnormal heart rhythms
bradycardia slow heart rate (below 60 bpm)
tachycardia elevated heart rate (100 bpm +)
heart block failure of proper conduction of impulses from the SA node through the AV node to the bundle of His
flutter rapid bu regular contractions, usually of the atria
fibrillation very rapid, random,inefficient and irregular contractions of the heart (350 beats or more per minute)
atrial fibrillation (AF) most common type of cardiac arrythmia - symptoms of palpitation, fatigue, sob)
congenital heart disease abnormalities in the heart at birth
coarctation of the aorta narrowing of the aorta
patent ductus arteriousus (PDA) passageway between the aorta and the pulmonary artery remain open after birth
septal defets small holes in the wall between the atria or the ventricles
tetralogy of Fallot contgenital malformation involving four distinct heart defects: pulmonary artery stenosis, ventricular septal defect, shift of the aorta to the right, hypertrophy of the right ventricle
congestive heart failure (CHF) heart is unable to pump its require amount of blood (symptoms include sob, exercise intolerance and fluid retention - pulmonary edema, edema of legs, feet, and ankles) BNP is useful in CHF diagnosis
coronary artery disease (CAD) disease of the arteries surrounding the heart
endocarditis inflammation o fthe inner linig of the heart (may be from bacterial infection)
hypertensive heart disease high blood pressure
mitral valve prolapse (MVP) improper closure of the mitral valve
murmur estra heart sound heart between normal beats usually caused by valvular defect
pericarditis inflammation of the membrane (pericardium)surrounding the heart
rheumatic heart disease heart disease caused by rheumatic fever - follow streptococcal infection that can damage the heart valves and scarring causing vegetations
aneurysm local widening of an arterial wall
deep vein thrombosis blood clot form in a large vein, usually in a lower limb
hypertension (HTN) high blood pressure
peripheral arterial disease (PAD) blockage of arteries carring blood to the legs, arms, kidney and other organs
Raynaud disease recurent episodes of pallor and cyanosis primarily in fingers and toes
varicose veings abnormally swollen and twisted veins, usually occuring in the legs
Created by: cskinner