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LOM Ch 10 Vocab


spina bifida congenital devect in the lumbar spinal column caused by imperfect union of vertebral parts (neural tube defect)
Alzheimer disease (AD) brain disorder marked by gradual and progressive mental deterioration, personality changes and impariment of daily functioning
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) degenerative disorder of motor neurons in the spinal cord and brain stem
epilepsy chronic brain disorder characterized by recurrent seizure activity
Huntington disease hereditary disorder marked by degenerative changes in the cerebrum leading to abrupt involuntary movements and mental deterioration
multiple sclerosis (MS) destruction of themyelin sheath on neurons in the CNS and its replacement by plaques of sclerotic tissue
myasthenia gravis (MG) autoimmune neuromuscular disorder characterized by weakness of voluntary muscles
palsy partial or complete loss of motor function
Parkinson disease degeneration of neurons in the basal ganglia, usually occuring in later life and leading to tremors, weakness of muscles, and slowness of movement (caused by deficiency of dopamine)
Tourette syndrome involuntary, spasmodic, twitching movements; uncontrollable vocal sounds; and inappropriate words
herpes zoster (shingles) viral infection affecting peripheral nerves
meningitis inflammation of the meninges
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) encephalopathy brain disease and dementia occuring with AIDS
concussion temporary brain dysfunction after injury usually clearing with 24 hours (brief loss of consciousness - symptoms nausea, headache sleepy, if severe unequal pupils)
contusion bruising of brain tissue as a result of direct trauma to the head; neurologic deficits persist longer than 24 hours 9usually associated with a skull fracture)
cerebrovascular accident (CVA) (common term is stroke) disruption in the normal blood supply to the brain - can be thrombotic, embolic, hemorrhagic
migraine severe, recurring, unilateral, vascular headache
Created by: cskinner