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AP HUG Vocab Ch 12

Vocabulary for AP Human Geography Ch 12

Basic Industry Industries that sell their products or services primarily to consumers outside the settlement
Business Services Services that primarily meet the needs of other businesses, including professional, financial, and transportation services
Primate City Rule A pattern of settlements in a country, such that the largest settlement has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement
Economic Base A community's collection of basic industries
Public Services services offered by the government to provide security and protection for citizens and businesses
Enclosure Movement the process of consolidating small landholdings into a smaller number of large farms in England during the 18th century
Dispersed Rural Settlement a rural settlement pattern characterized by isolated farms rather than clustered villages
Range (of a service) the maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service
Central Place a market center for the exchange of services by people attracted from the surrounding area
Gravity Model a model that holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel to reach a service
Rank-size Rule a pattern of settlements in a country, that the nth largest settlement is 1/n the population of the largest settlement
Dispersed Rural Settlement a rural settlement characterized by isolated farms rather than clustered villages
Market Area or hinterland- the area surrounding a central place from which people are attracted to use the place's goods and services
Service any activity that fulfills a human want or need and returns money to those who provide it
City-state a sovereign state comprising a city and its immediate hinterland
Central Business District CBD- the area of a city where retail and office activities are clustered
Settlement a permanent collection of buildings and inhabitants
Primate City the largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking city
Nonbasic Industry industries that sell their products primarily to consumers in the settlement
Central Place Theory a theory that explains distribution based on the fact that settlements serve as centers for market areas for services; large settlements are fewer and farthat apare that smaler ones and provide for a lot of people willing to travel further
Threshold the minimum number of people needed to support the service
Clustered Rural Settlement a rural settlement in which the houses are situated close to each other and and fields surround the settlement
Consumer Services businesses that provide primarily to individual consumers: retail, education, health, and leisure
Created by: omarwsow