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Ap Human Geo Ch.12

AP Human Geography vocab chapter 12

Basic Industries Industries that sell their products or services primarily to consumers outside the settlement
Business Services Services that primarily meet the needs of other businesses, including professional, financial, and transportation services
Central Business District (CBD) The area of a city where retail and office activities are clustered
Central Place a market center for the exchange of services by people attracted from the surrounding area
Central Place Theory a theory that explains the distribution of services; larger settlements are few and farther apart than smaller settlements and provide services for a larger number of people who are willing to travel farther
City State a sovereign state compromising a city and its immediate hinterland
Clustered Rural Settlement a rural settlement in which the houses and farm building of each family are situated close to each other and fields surround the settlement
Dispersed Rural Settlement a rural settlement pattern characterized by isolated farms rather than clustered villages
Economic Base a community’s collection of basic industries
Enclosure Movement the process of consolidating small landholdings into a smaller number of larger farms in England during the eighteenth century.
Market Area (or hinterland) the area surrounding a central place, from which people are attracted to use the place’s goods and services
Nonbasic Industries industries that sell their products primarily to consumers in the community
Primate City the largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many peopleas the second ranking settlement
Primate City Rule a pattern of settlements in a country, such athat the largest settlement has more than twice as many people the second ranking settlement
Public Services services offered by the government to provide security and protection for citizens and businesses
Range (of a service) the maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service
Rank Size Rule a pattern of settlements in a country, such that the nth largest settlement is 1/n the population of the largest settlement
Service any activity that fulfills a human want or need and returns money to those who provide it
Settlement a permanent collection of buildings and inhabitants
Threshold the minimum number of people needed to support the service
Gravity Model a model that holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location si directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people mus travel to reach the service
Consumer Services businesses that provide services primarily to individual consumers, including retails services and education, health, and leisure services.
Created by: 1617934983