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HUGS Key Terms

QuestionAnswer
Agricultural Density The number of farmers per unit area of farmland
Arithmetic Density Total number of objects in an area, commonly used to compare distribution of population in different countries
Base line East-West line designated under land ordinance of 1785 for surveying townships of the US
Cartography The science of making maps
Concentration The spread of something over a given area
Connections Relationships among people among space
Contagious Diffusion The widespread diffusion of a feature throughout a population
Cultural Ecology A geographic take on human-environment relationships
Cultural Landscape Fashioning of a natural landscape by a cultural group
Culture The body of beliefs, social forms, and traits that constitute a group of people's tradition.
Density The frequency with which something exists within an area
Diffusion The spread of a feature from one place to another over time
Distance Decay The eventual disappearance in importance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin
Distribution The arrangement of something across Earth's surface
Environmental Determinism An early approach to the study of geography that showed that geography is the study of how the environment caused human activities
Expansion Diffusion The spread of a feature among people from one area to another
Formal Region An area where everyone shares one or more characteristic
Functional Region An area organized around a focal point
Geographic Information System (GIS) A computer system that stores, organizes, analyzes, and displays geographic data
Geographic Positioning System (GPS) A system that shows the position of something on Earth through a series of technology
Globalization Actions that involve the world and make something worldwide
Greenwich Mean Time The time in that time zone encompassing the prime meridian
Hearth The region from which innovative ideas originate
Hierarchical Diffusion The spread of a feature from one person of authority to other persons or places
International Date Line An arc that follows 180 degrees longitude, and when crossed, moves the calender one full day
Land Ordinance of 1785 A law that divided the US for the sale of land for settlers
Latitude A numbering system used to indicate the location of parallels on a globe
Location The position of anything on Earth's surface
Longitude The numbering system used to indicate the location of meridians on a globe
Map A 2-D representation of Earth's surface
Mental Map An internal representation of Earth's surface in one's mind
Meridian An arc on a map between North and South Poles
Parallel A circle around the globe parallel to the equator
Pattern The geometric arrangement of something in a study area
Physiological Density The number of people per unit of area of suitable land
Place A specific point on Earth
Polder Land created by the Dutch by draining water from an area
Possibilism The theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions
Prime Meridian The meridian that passes through the Royal Observatory in England
Principal Meridian A North-South line in the Land Ordinance of 1785 of numbering townships in the US
Projection The system used to transfer locations from Earth's surface to a map
Region An area distinguished by a combination of trends
Regional Studies An approach to geography that emphasizes the relationships between social and physical phenomenas
Relocation Diffusion The spread of a feature through bodily movement of people
Remote Sensing The acquisition of data about Earth's surface from satellite
Resource A substance in the environment that is useful to people, easy to access, and socially acceptable
Scale The relationship of a world map and the size of the actual Earth
Section A square normally one mile on a side
Site The physical character of a place
Situation The location of a place relative to other places
Space The physical gap or interval between two objects
Space-time Compression The reduction in the time it takes to diffuse something to a place
Stimulus Diffusion The spread of an unerlying principle, even if a characteristic is rejected
Toponym The name of a portion of Earth
Township A square normallyl six miles on a side
Transnational Corporation A company that researches, operates, and sells products in many countries
Uneven Development The increasing gap in economic conditions as a result of the globalization of the economy
Vernacular Region An area that people believe to exist as part of their cultural identity
Agricultural Revolution The time when human beings first domesticated plants and animals/no hunter-gatherer
Census A complete enumeration of a population