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Chapter 21-22 Vocab
Geography- Mr.Martin vocab test
|hilly plateau by Jordan River & Sea of Gailee; site of conflict for decades
|riverbed this is dry except during rainy seasons
|one of the most important rivers; supported ancient river valley civilizations; flows thru Turkey, Syria, Iraq
|supported several ancient civilizations & flows thru parts of Turkey, Syria, Iraq-empties into Persian Gulf
|place where water from an aquifer has reached the surface; supports vegetation & wildlife
|flat land made of chemical salts that remain after winds evaporate the moisture in the soil
|practice of using small pipes that slowly drip water above ground 2 conserve water 2 use for crops
|removal of salt from ocean water
|place where crude oil is converted into useful products
|holiest city of Islam; in Saudi Arabia-ppl make pilgrimages 2 fulfill Islamic religious duty
|monotheistic religion based on teachings of Muhammad, biggest cultural & religious influence in North Africa
|org. of Petroleum Exporting Countries, group est. in 1960 by some oil producing nations 2 coordinate policies on selling petroleum products
|holiest site for Jews in Jerusalem; only part left of the 2nd temple, built in 538 b.c. & destroyed in a.d. 70 by Romans
|Dome of the Rock
|shrine in Jerusalem located on Temple Mount; houses spot where Muslims believe Muhammed rose into Heaven, & Jews believe Abraham sacrificed his son.
|movement that began in the 19th century to create & support a Jewish homeland in Palestine
|Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)
|group formed in the 1960's to regain the Arab land in Israel for Palestinian Arabs
|1 of 2 main branches of Islam, compromising about 83% of all muslims, including those in Turkey, Iraq, & Afghanistan.
|1 of 2 main branches of Islam, including most Iranians & some populations of Iraq & Afghanistan.
|strict muslim group in Afghanistan that has made rigin rules on society